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Molecular Autism

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  1. Content type: Research

    Autism spectrum disorder and epilepsy often co-occur; however, the extent to which the association between autism symptoms and epilepsy is due to shared aetiology or to the direct effects of seizures is a topi...

    Authors: Kristin A. Bakke, Patricia Howlin, Lars Retterstøl, Øivind J. Kanavin, Arvid Heiberg and Terje Nærland

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2018 9:2

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  2. Content type: Research

    Macrocephaly, which is defined as a head circumference greater than or equal to + 2 standard deviations, is a feature commonly observed in children with developmental delay and/or autism spectrum disorder. Alt...

    Authors: Kit San Yeung, Winnie Wan Yee Tso, Janice Jing Kun Ip, Christopher Chun Yu Mak, Gordon Ka Chun Leung, Mandy Ho Yin Tsang, Dingge Ying, Steven Lim Cho Pei, So Lun Lee, Wanling Yang and Brian Hon-Yin Chung

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:66

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  3. Content type: Research

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis can be delayed due in part to the time required for administration of standard exams, such as the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS). Shorter and potentially...

    Authors: Sebastien Levy, Marlena Duda, Nick Haber and Dennis P. Wall

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:65

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  4. Content type: Short report

    While evidence for white matter and astrocytic abnormalities exist in autism, a detailed investigation of astrocytes has not been conducted. Such an investigation is further warranted by an increasing role for...

    Authors: Ting Ting Lee, Efstratios Skafidas, Mirella Dottori, Daniela Zantomio, Christos Pantelis, Ian Everall and Gursharan Chana

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:64

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  5. Content type: Research

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are complex, pervasive, and heterogeneous neurodevelopmental conditions with varying trajectories, significant male bias and largely unknown etiology. However, an understanding...

    Authors: Anne Masi, Edmond J. Breen, Gail A. Alvares, Nicholas Glozier, Ian B. Hickie, Anna Hunt, Jennie Hui, John Beilby, David Ravine, John Wray, Andrew J. O. Whitehouse and Adam J. Guastella

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:63

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  6. Content type: Research

    Prospective studies of infants at familial risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded insights into the earliest signs of the disorder but represent heterogeneous samples of unclear aetiology. Comple...

    Authors: Anna May Kolesnik, Emily Jane Harrison Jones, Shruti Garg, Jonathan Green, Tony Charman and Mark Henry Johnson

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:62

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  7. Content type: Research

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a developmental disorder of early childhood onset, affects males four times more frequently than females, suggesting a role for the sex chromosomes. In this study, we describe a...

    Authors: Marc Woodbury-Smith, Eric Deneault, Ryan K. C. Yuen, Susan Walker, Mehdi Zarrei, Giovanna Pellecchia, Jennifer L. Howe, Ny Hoang, Mohammed Uddin, Christian R. Marshall, Christina Chrysler, Ann Thompson, Peter Szatmari and Stephen W. Scherer

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:59

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  8. Content type: Research

    Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently demonstrate symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous findings in children with ASD have suggested that these symptoms are...

    Authors: Steve Lukito, Catherine R. G. Jones, Andrew Pickles, Gillian Baird, Francesca Happé, Tony Charman and Emily Simonoff

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:60

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  9. Content type: Research

    Previous studies have reported no clear critical region for medical comorbidities in children with deletions or duplications of 22q11.2. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether individuals with small...

    Authors: Caitlin C. Clements, Tara L. Wenger, Alisa R. Zoltowski, Jennifer R. Bertollo, Judith S. Miller, Ashley B. de Marchena, Lauren M. Mitteer, John C. Carey, Benjamin E. Yerys, Elaine H. Zackai, Beverly S. Emanuel, Donna M. McDonald-McGinn and Robert T. Schultz

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:58

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  10. Content type: Research

    Haploinsufficiency of the forkhead-box protein P1 (FOXP1) gene leads to a neurodevelopmental disorder termed FOXP1 syndrome. Previous studies in individuals carrying FOXP1 mutations and deletions have described t...

    Authors: Paige M. Siper, Silvia De Rubeis, Maria del Pilar Trelles, Allison Durkin, Daniele Di Marino, François Muratet, Yitzchak Frank, Reymundo Lozano, Evan E. Eichler, Morgan Kelly, Jennifer Beighley, Jennifer Gerdts, Arianne S. Wallace, Heather C. Mefford, Raphael A. Bernier, Alexander Kolevzon…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:57

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  11. Content type: Research

    Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the transcriptional regulator MeCP2. Much of our understanding of MeCP2 function is derived from transcriptomic studies wit...

    Authors: Natasha L. Pacheco, Michael R. Heaven, Leanne M. Holt, David K. Crossman, Kristin J. Boggio, Scott A. Shaffer, Daniel L. Flint and Michelle L. Olsen

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:56

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  12. Content type: Viewpoint

    Although the number of autism diagnoses is on the rise, we have no evidence-based tracking of size and severity of gaps in access to autism-related resources, nor do we have methods to geographically triangula...

    Authors: Jena Daniels, Jessey Schwartz, Nikhila Albert, Michael Du and Dennis P. Wall

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:55

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  13. Content type: Research

    DYRK1A is a gene recurrently disrupted in 0.1–0.5% of the ASD population. A growing number of case reports with DYRK1A haploinsufficiency exhibit common phenotypic features including m...

    Authors: Rachel K. Earl, Tychele N. Turner, Heather C. Mefford, Caitlin M. Hudac, Jennifer Gerdts, Evan E. Eichler and Raphael A. Bernier

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:54

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  14. Content type: Research

    Mobile touchscreen devices are currently being used as speech-generating devices (SGDs) and have been shown to promote the communication skills, particularly the requesting skills of children with autism spect...

    Authors: Sainan An, Xiaoping Feng, Yue Dai, Hongli Bo, Xiuqing Wang, Mu Li, John Zhuohao Woo, Xingmei Liang, Cheng Guo, Charles Xingchao Liu and Liping Wei

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:52

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  15. Content type: Methodology

    Deciphering the biological mechanisms underlying social behavior in animal models requires standard behavioral paradigms that can be unbiasedly employed in an observer- and laboratory-independent manner. Durin...

    Authors: Shai Netser, Shani Haskal, Hen Magalnik and Shlomo Wagner

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:53

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  16. Content type: Short report

    Previous reviews have been conducted to evaluate the association between maternal use of folic acid supplements during pregnancy and risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children, with no definitive conc...

    Authors: Meiyun Wang, Kaiqin Li, Dongmei Zhao and Ling Li

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:51

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  17. Content type: Research

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed more frequently in boys than girls, even when girls are equally symptomatic. Cutting-edge behavioral imaging has detected “camouflaging” in girls with ASD, wherein s...

    Authors: Julia Parish-Morris, Mark Y. Liberman, Christopher Cieri, John D. Herrington, Benjamin E. Yerys, Leila Bateman, Joseph Donaher, Emily Ferguson, Juhi Pandey and Robert T. Schultz

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:48

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  18. Content type: Research

    DYRK1A maps to the Down syndrome critical region at 21q22. Mutations in this kinase-encoding gene have been reported to cause microcephaly associated with either intellectual disabilit...

    Authors: Oc-Hee Kim, Hyun-Ju Cho, Enna Han, Ted Inpyo Hong, Krishan Ariyasiri, Jung-Hwa Choi, Kyu-Seok Hwang, Yun-Mi Jeong, Se-Yeol Yang, Kweon Yu, Doo-Sang Park, Hyun-Woo Oh, Erica E. Davis, Charles E. Schwartz, Jeong-Soo Lee, Hyung-Goo Kim…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:50

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  19. Content type: Research

    Prospective studies of infants at high familial risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have identified a number of putative early markers that are associated with ASD outcome at 3 years of age. However, some ...

    Authors: Rachael Bedford, Teodora Gliga, Elizabeth Shephard, Mayada Elsabbagh, Andrew Pickles, Tony Charman and Mark H. Johnson

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:49

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  20. Content type: Research

    Excitation/inhibition (E/I) imbalance remains a widely discussed hypothesis in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The presence of such an imbalance may potentially define a therapeutic target for the treatment o...

    Authors: Joana Gonçalves, Inês R. Violante, José Sereno, Ricardo A. Leitão, Ying Cai, Antero Abrunhosa, Ana Paula Silva, Alcino J. Silva and Miguel Castelo-Branco

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:47

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  21. Content type: Research

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social communication and restricted or repetitive behaviors or interests. ASD is now diagnosed in more than one out of 100 children and is bias...

    Authors: Yuanlin Zou, Qiaomei Lu, Dan Zheng, Zhigang Chu, Zhaoyu Liu, Haijia Chen, Qiongfang Ruan, Xiaohu Ge, Ziyun Zhang, Xiaoyan Wang, Wenting Lou, Yongjian Huang, Yifei Wang, Xiaodong Huang, Zhengxiang Liu, Weiguo Xie…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:46

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  22. Content type: Short report

    Although the ability to make optimal decisions under uncertainty is an integral part of everyday life, individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently report that they experience difficulties with t...

    Authors: Junya Fujino, Shisei Tei, Ryu-ichiro Hashimoto, Takashi Itahashi, Haruhisa Ohta, Chieko Kanai, Rieko Okada, Manabu Kubota, Motoaki Nakamura, Nobumasa Kato and Hidehiko Takahashi

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:45

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  23. Content type: Research

    Arginine vasopressin has been shown to affect social and emotional behaviors, which is mediated by the arginine vasopressin receptor (AVPR1A). Genetic polymorphisms in the AVPR1A promoter region have been identif...

    Authors: So Young Yang, Soon Ae Kim, Gang Min Hur, Mira Park, Jong-Eun Park and Hee Jeong Yoo

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2017 8:44

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