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  1. FXS is the most common genetic cause of intellectual (ID) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). FXS is caused by loss of FMRP, an RNA-binding protein involved in the translational regulation of a large number o...

    Authors: Kagistia Hana Utami, Nur Amirah Binte Mohammad Yusof, Jing Eugene Kwa, Ulla-Kaisa Peteri, Maija L. Castrén and Mahmoud A. Pouladi

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:41

    Content type: Research

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  2. Studies of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have revealed a strong multigenic basis with the identification of hundreds of ASD susceptibility genes. ASD is characterized by social deficits and a...

    Authors: Maria Jesus Herrero, Dmitry Velmeshev, David Hernandez-Pineda, Saarthak Sethi, Shawn Sorrells, Payal Banerjee, Catherine Sullivan, Abha R. Gupta, Arnold R. Kriegstein and Joshua G. Corbin

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:39

    Content type: Research

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  3. Rett syndrome (RTT) is a progressive neurodevelopmental disease that is characterized by abnormalities in cognitive, social, and motor skills. RTT is often caused by mutations in the X-linked gene encoding met...

    Authors: Suzy Varderidou-Minasian, Lisa Hinz, Dominique Hagemans, Danielle Posthuma, Maarten Altelaar and Vivi M. Heine

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:38

    Content type: Research

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  4. Autism spectrum condition (ASC) is accompanied by developmental differences in brain anatomy and connectivity. White matter differences in ASC have been widely studied with diffusion imaging but results are he...

    Authors: Abigail Thompson, Asal Shahidiani, Anne Fritz, Jonathan O’Muircheartaigh, Lindsay Walker, Vera D’Almeida, Clodagh Murphy, Eileen Daly, Declan Murphy, Steve Williams, Sean Deoni and Christine Ecker

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:36

    Content type: Research

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  5. Whether there is a true increase in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequency or not remains unclear. Additionally, the rates of co-existing neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) in a total population sample has n...

    Authors: Manabu Saito, Tomoya Hirota, Yui Sakamoto, Masaki Adachi, Michio Takahashi, Ayako Osato-Kaneda, Young Shin Kim, Bennett Leventhal, Amy Shui, Sumi Kato and Kazuhiko Nakamura

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:35

    Content type: Research

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  6. Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience high rates (approximately 50–79%) of comorbid anxiety problems. Given the significant interference and distress that excessive anxiety can cause, evidence-b...

    Authors: Abbie Solish, Nora Klemencic, Anne Ritzema, Vicki Nolan, Martha Pilkington, Evdokia Anagnostou and Jessica Brian

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:34

    Content type: Research

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  7. Genetic factors contribute to the development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and although non-protein-coding regions of the genome are being increasingly implicated in ASD, the functional consequences of t...

    Authors: P. Joel Ross, Rebecca S. F. Mok, Brandon S. Smith, Deivid C. Rodrigues, Marat Mufteev, Stephen W. Scherer and James Ellis

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:33

    Content type: Review

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  8. Reduction or differences in facial expression are a core diagnostic feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet evidence regarding the extent of this discrepancy is limited and inconsistent. Use of automate...

    Authors: Abigail Bangerter, Meenakshi Chatterjee, Joseph Manfredonia, Nikolay V. Manyakov, Seth Ness, Matthew A. Boice, Andrew Skalkin, Matthew S. Goodwin, Geraldine Dawson, Robert Hendren, Bennett Leventhal, Frederick Shic and Gahan Pandina

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:31

    Content type: Research

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  9. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disease that affects multiple organs including the brain. TSC is strongly associated with broad neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum...

    Authors: Dorinde M. van Andel, Jan J. Sprengers, Bob Oranje, Floortje E. Scheepers, Floor E. Jansen and Hilgo Bruining

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:30

    Content type: Research

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  10. Mutations in TSC1 or TSC2 genes cause tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a disorder associated with epilepsy, autism, and intellectual disability. TSC1 and TSC2 are repressors of the mechanistic target of rapamyci...

    Authors: Nabila Haji, Ilse Riebe, Argel Aguilar-Valles, Julien Artinian, Isabel Laplante and Jean-Claude Lacaille

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:29

    Content type: Research

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  11. Although there is high co-occurrence between ASD and ADHD, the nature of this co-occurrence remains unclear. Our study aimed to examine the underlying relationship between ASD and ADHD symptoms in a combined s...

    Authors: Aneta D. Krakowski, Katherine Tombeau Cost, Evdokia Anagnostou, Meng-Chuan Lai, Jennifer Crosbie, Russell Schachar, Stelios Georgiades, Eric Duku and Peter Szatmari

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:28

    Content type: Research

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  12. Proteomics is the large-scale study of the total protein content and their overall function within a cell through multiple facets of research. Advancements in proteomic methods have moved past the simple quant...

    Authors: Nadeem Murtaza, Jarryll Uy and Karun K. Singh

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:27

    Content type: Review

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  13. Elucidating developmental changes in the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is important to support individuals with ASD. However, no report has clarified the developmental changes in attention to soci...

    Authors: Toru Fujioka, Kenji J. Tsuchiya, Manabu Saito, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Muneaki Matsuo, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Yoshihiro Maegaki, Damee Choi, Sumi Kato, Tokiko Yoshida, Yuko Yoshimura, Sawako Ooba, Yoshifumi Mizuno, Shinichiro Takiguchi, Hideo Matsuzaki, Akemi Tomoda…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:24

    Content type: Research

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  14. Efforts to identify the causes of autism spectrum disorders have highlighted the importance of both genetics and environment, but the lack of human models for many of these disorders limits researchers’ attemp...

    Authors: Karina A. Kruth, Tierney M. Grisolano, Christopher A. Ahern and Aislinn J. Williams

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:23

    Content type: Review

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  15. Formation and maintenance of appropriate neural networks require tight regulation of neural stem cell proliferation, differentiation, and neurogenesis. microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in brain develo...

    Authors: Julien Fregeac, Stéphanie Moriceau, Antoine Poli, Lam Son Nguyen, Franck Oury and Laurence Colleaux

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:22

    Content type: Research

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  16. Oxytocin administration, which may be of therapeutic value for individuals with social difficulties, is likely to affect endogenous levels of other socially relevant hormones. However, to date, the effects of ...

    Authors: Tanya L. Procyshyn, Michael V. Lombardo, Meng-Chuan Lai, Bonnie Auyeung, Sarah K. Crockford, J Deakin, S. Soubramanian, A Sule, Simon Baron-Cohen and Richard A. I. Bethlehem

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:20

    Content type: Research

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  17. DLG2, also known as postsynaptic density protein-93 (PSD-93) or chapsyn-110, is an excitatory postsynaptic scaffolding protein that interacts with synaptic surface receptors and signaling molecules. A recent s...

    Authors: Taesun Yoo, Sun-Gyun Kim, Soo Hyun Yang, Hyun Kim, Eunjoon Kim and Soo Young Kim

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:19

    Content type: Research

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  18. Previous research using the Sensory Perception Quotient (SPQ) has reported greater sensory hypersensitivity in people with autism spectrum condition (ASC) compared to controls, consistent with other research. ...

    Authors: Emily Taylor, Rosemary Holt, Teresa Tavassoli, Chris Ashwin and Simon Baron-Cohen

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:18

    Content type: Research

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  19. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition with key deficits in social functioning. It is widely assumed that the biological underpinnings of social impairment are neurofunctional alterat...

    Authors: Carolin Moessnang, Sarah Baumeister, Julian Tillmann, David Goyard, Tony Charman, Sara Ambrosino, Simon Baron-Cohen, Christian Beckmann, Sven Bölte, Carsten Bours, Daisy Crawley, Flavio Dell’Acqua, Sarah Durston, Christine Ecker, Vincent Frouin, Hannah Hayward…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:17

    Content type: Research

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  20. Autistic individuals without intellectual disability are at heightened risk of self-injury, and appear to engage in it for similar reasons as non-autistic people. A wide divergence of autistic perspectives on ...

    Authors: R. L. Moseley, N. J. Gregory, P. Smith, C. Allison and S. Baron-Cohen

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:14

    Content type: Research

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  21. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuronal developmental disorder with impaired social interaction and communication, often with abnormal intelligence and comorbidity with epilepsy. Disturbances in synaptic ...

    Authors: Cuixia Fan, Yue Gao, Guanmei Liang, Lang Huang, Jing Wang, Xiaoxue Yang, Yiwu Shi, Ursula C. Dräger, Mei Zhong, Tian-Ming Gao and Xinping Yang

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:13

    Content type: Research

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  22. Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders that demonstrate overlapping genetic associations, dichotomous sociobehavioral phenotypes, and dichotomous pathologica...

    Authors: C. H. Lew, K. M. Groeniger, K. L. Hanson, D. Cuevas, D. M. Z. Greiner, B. Hrvoj-Mihic, U. Bellugi, C. M. Schumann and K. Semendeferi

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:12

    Content type: Research

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  23. One of the main diagnostic features of individuals with autism spectrum disorders is nonverbal behaviour difficulties during naturalistic social interactions. The ‘Interactional Heterogeneity Hypothesis’ of AS...

    Authors: A. L. Georgescu, S. Koeroglu, A. F de C Hamilton, K. Vogeley, C. M. Falter-Wagner and W. Tschacher

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:11

    Content type: Research

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  24. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are persistent conditions resulting from disrupted/altered neurodevelopment. ASD multifactorial etiology—and its numerous comorbid conditions—heightens the difficulty in identif...

    Authors: Federica Filice, Beat Schwaller, Tanja M. Michel and Edna Grünblatt

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:10

    Content type: Viewpoint

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  25. The majority of research effort into autism has been dedicated to understanding mechanisms during early development. As a consequence, research on the broader life course of an autism spectrum condition (ASC) ...

    Authors: Joe Bathelt, P. Cédric Koolschijn and Hilde M. Geurts

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:9

    Content type: Research

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  26. Self-injurious behaviours, such as head banging, hair pulling, skin picking and scratching, are common in individuals with autism. Despite high prevalence rates, there is a paucity of longitudinal research to ...

    Authors: Catherine Laverty, Chris Oliver, Jo Moss, Lisa Nelson and Caroline Richards

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:8

    Content type: Research

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  27. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) evolves from an interplay between genetic and environmental factors during prenatal development. Since identifying maternal biomarkers associated with ASD risk in offspring durin...

    Authors: Olga Egorova, Robin Myte, Jörn Schneede, Bruno Hägglöf, Sven Bölte, Erik Domellöf, Barbro Ivars A’roch, Fredrik Elgh, Per Magne Ueland and Sven-Arne Silfverdal

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:7

    Content type: Research

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  28. Intranasal administration of the “prosocial” neuropeptide oxytocin is increasingly explored as a potential treatment for targeting the core characteristics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, long-term...

    Authors: Sylvie Bernaerts, Bart Boets, Guy Bosmans, Jean Steyaert and Kaat Alaerts

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:6

    Content type: Research

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  29. Computer vision combined with human annotation could offer a novel method for exploring facial expression (FE) dynamics in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

    Authors: Charline Grossard, Arnaud Dapogny, David Cohen, Sacha Bernheim, Estelle Juillet, Fanny Hamel, Stéphanie Hun, Jérémy Bourgeois, Hugues Pellerin, Sylvie Serret, Kevin Bailly and Laurence Chaby

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:5

    Content type: Research

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  30. There is increasing evidence that de novo CACNA1D missense mutations inducing increased Cav1.3 L-type Ca2+-channel-function confer a high risk for neurodevelopmental disorders (autism spectrum disorder with and w...

    Authors: Nadja T. Hofer, Petronel Tuluc, Nadine J. Ortner, Yuliia V. Nikonishyna, Monica L. Fernándes-Quintero, Klaus R. Liedl, Bernhard E. Flucher, Helen Cox and Jörg Striessnig

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:4

    Content type: Research

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  31. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with frequent occurrence of epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disability (ID), and tumors in multiple organs. The aberrant...

    Authors: Pauline Martin, Vilas Wagh, Surya A. Reis, Serkan Erdin, Roberta L. Beauchamp, Ghalib Shaikh, Michael Talkowski, Elizabeth Thiele, Steven D. Sheridan, Stephen J. Haggarty and Vijaya Ramesh

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:2

    Content type: Research

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  32. Females with autism spectrum disorder have been reported to exhibit fewer and less severe restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests compared to males. This difference might indicate sex-specific altera...

    Authors: Annelies van’t Westeinde, Élodie Cauvet, Roberto Toro, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Janina Neufeld, Katell Mevel and Sven Bölte

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 11:1

    Content type: Research

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  33. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a high co-morbidity of epilepsy and associated with hundreds of rare risk factors. NRXN1 deletion is among the commonest rare genetic factors s...

    Authors: Sahar Avazzadeh, Katya McDonagh, Jamie Reilly, Yanqin Wang, Stephanie D. Boomkamp, Veronica McInerney, Janusz Krawczyk, Jacqueline Fitzgerald, Niamh Feerick, Matthew O’Sullivan, Amirhossein Jalali, Eva B. Forman, Sally A. Lynch, Sean Ennis, Nele Cosemans, Hilde Peeters…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:52

    Content type: Research

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  34. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with pronounced heritability in the general population. This is largely attributable to the effects of polygenic susceptibility, with inherited l...

    Authors: Emily M. A. Lewis, Kesavan Meganathan, Dustin Baldridge, Paul Gontarz, Bo Zhang, Azad Bonni, John N. Constantino and Kristen L. Kroll

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:51

    Content type: Research

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  35. Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is caused by haploinsufficiency of the SHANK3 gene on chromosome 22q13.33 and is characterized by intellectual disability, hypotonia, severe speech impairments, and autism spectrum ...

    Authors: Alexander Kolevzon, Elsa Delaby, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Joseph D. Buxbaum and Catalina Betancur

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:50

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  36. Biological motion, namely the movement of others, conveys information that allows the identification of affective states and intentions. This makes it an important avenue of research in autism spectrum disorde...

    Authors: Greta Krasimirova Todorova, Rosalind Elizabeth Mcbean Hatton and Frank Earl Pollick

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:49

    Content type: Research

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  37. The aim of this paper was to provide an initial validation of a newly developed parent questionnaire—the Stanford Social Dimensions Scale (SSDS), designed to capture individual differences across several key s...

    Authors: Jennifer M. Phillips, Mirko Uljarević, Rachel K. Schuck, Salena Schapp, Elizabeth M. Solomon, Emma Salzman, Lauren Allerhand, Robin A. Libove, Thomas W. Frazier and Antonio Y. Hardan

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:48

    Content type: Research

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  38. Diminished cognitive control, including reduced behavioral flexibility and behavioral response inhibition, has been repeatedly documented in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We evaluated behavioral flexibility ...

    Authors: Lauren M. Schmitt, Erin Bojanek, Stormi P. White, Michael E. Ragozzino, Edwin H. Cook, John A. Sweeney and Matthew W. Mosconi

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition. The degree to which the brain development in ASD deviates from typical brain development, and how this deviation relates to obser...

    Authors: Birkan Tunç, Lisa D. Yankowitz, Drew Parker, Jacob A. Alappatt, Juhi Pandey, Robert T. Schultz and Ragini Verma

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:46

    Content type: Research

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  40. It has been suggested that parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) curtail their reproduction, a phenomenon known as reproductive stoppage. To investigate the presence of reproductive stoppage,...

    Authors: Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Henrik Larsson, Sebastian Lundström, Sven Sandin, Azadeh Chizarifard, Sven Bölte, Paul Lichtenstein and Emma Frans

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. The universal right to education for people with disabilities has been highlighted by the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. In this paper, we ...

    Authors: Robin van Kessel, Sebastian Walsh, Amber N. V. Ruigrok, Rosemary Holt, Anneli Yliherva, Eija Kärnä, Irma Moilanen, Eva Hjörne, Shruti Taneja Johansson, Diana Schendel, Lennart Pedersen, Meta Jørgensen, Carol Brayne, Simon Baron-Cohen and Andres Roman-Urrestarazu

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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