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  1. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuronal developmental disorder with impaired social interaction and communication, often with abnormal intelligence and comorbidity with epilepsy. Disturbances in synaptic ...

    Authors: Cuixia Fan, Yue Gao, Guanmei Liang, Lang Huang, Jing Wang, Xiaoxue Yang, Yiwu Shi, Ursula C. Dräger, Mei Zhong, Tian-Ming Gao and Xinping Yang

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders that demonstrate overlapping genetic associations, dichotomous sociobehavioral phenotypes, and dichotomous pathologica...

    Authors: C. H. Lew, K. M. Groeniger, K. L. Hanson, D. Cuevas, D. M. Z. Greiner, B. Hrvoj-Mihic, U. Bellugi, C. M. Schumann and K. Semendeferi

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:12

    Content type: Research

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  3. One of the main diagnostic features of individuals with autism spectrum disorders is nonverbal behaviour difficulties during naturalistic social interactions. The ‘Interactional Heterogeneity Hypothesis’ of AS...

    Authors: A. L. Georgescu, S. Koeroglu, A. F de C Hamilton, K. Vogeley, C. M. Falter-Wagner and W. Tschacher

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:11

    Content type: Research

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  4. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are persistent conditions resulting from disrupted/altered neurodevelopment. ASD multifactorial etiology—and its numerous comorbid conditions—heightens the difficulty in identif...

    Authors: Federica Filice, Beat Schwaller, Tanja M. Michel and Edna Grünblatt

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:10

    Content type: Viewpoint

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  5. The majority of research effort into autism has been dedicated to understanding mechanisms during early development. As a consequence, research on the broader life course of an autism spectrum condition (ASC) ...

    Authors: Joe Bathelt, P. Cédric Koolschijn and Hilde M. Geurts

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:9

    Content type: Research

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  6. Self-injurious behaviours, such as head banging, hair pulling, skin picking and scratching, are common in individuals with autism. Despite high prevalence rates, there is a paucity of longitudinal research to ...

    Authors: Catherine Laverty, Chris Oliver, Jo Moss, Lisa Nelson and Caroline Richards

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:8

    Content type: Research

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  7. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) evolves from an interplay between genetic and environmental factors during prenatal development. Since identifying maternal biomarkers associated with ASD risk in offspring durin...

    Authors: Olga Egorova, Robin Myte, Jörn Schneede, Bruno Hägglöf, Sven Bölte, Erik Domellöf, Barbro Ivars A’roch, Fredrik Elgh, Per Magne Ueland and Sven-Arne Silfverdal

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:7

    Content type: Research

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  8. Intranasal administration of the “prosocial” neuropeptide oxytocin is increasingly explored as a potential treatment for targeting the core characteristics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, long-term...

    Authors: Sylvie Bernaerts, Bart Boets, Guy Bosmans, Jean Steyaert and Kaat Alaerts

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:6

    Content type: Research

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  9. Computer vision combined with human annotation could offer a novel method for exploring facial expression (FE) dynamics in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

    Authors: Charline Grossard, Arnaud Dapogny, David Cohen, Sacha Bernheim, Estelle Juillet, Fanny Hamel, Stéphanie Hun, Jérémy Bourgeois, Hugues Pellerin, Sylvie Serret, Kevin Bailly and Laurence Chaby

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:5

    Content type: Research

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  10. There is increasing evidence that de novo CACNA1D missense mutations inducing increased Cav1.3 L-type Ca2+-channel-function confer a high risk for neurodevelopmental disorders (autism spectrum disorder with and w...

    Authors: Nadja T. Hofer, Petronel Tuluc, Nadine J. Ortner, Yuliia V. Nikonishyna, Monica L. Fernándes-Quintero, Klaus R. Liedl, Bernhard E. Flucher, Helen Cox and Jörg Striessnig

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:4

    Content type: Research

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  11. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with frequent occurrence of epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disability (ID), and tumors in multiple organs. The aberrant...

    Authors: Pauline Martin, Vilas Wagh, Surya A. Reis, Serkan Erdin, Roberta L. Beauchamp, Ghalib Shaikh, Michael Talkowski, Elizabeth Thiele, Steven D. Sheridan, Stephen J. Haggarty and Vijaya Ramesh

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2020 11:2

    Content type: Research

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  12. Females with autism spectrum disorder have been reported to exhibit fewer and less severe restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests compared to males. This difference might indicate sex-specific altera...

    Authors: Annelies van’t Westeinde, Élodie Cauvet, Roberto Toro, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Janina Neufeld, Katell Mevel and Sven Bölte

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 11:1

    Content type: Research

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  13. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a high co-morbidity of epilepsy and associated with hundreds of rare risk factors. NRXN1 deletion is among the commonest rare genetic factors s...

    Authors: Sahar Avazzadeh, Katya McDonagh, Jamie Reilly, Yanqin Wang, Stephanie D. Boomkamp, Veronica McInerney, Janusz Krawczyk, Jacqueline Fitzgerald, Niamh Feerick, Matthew O’Sullivan, Amirhossein Jalali, Eva B. Forman, Sally A. Lynch, Sean Ennis, Nele Cosemans, Hilde Peeters…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:52

    Content type: Research

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  14. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with pronounced heritability in the general population. This is largely attributable to the effects of polygenic susceptibility, with inherited l...

    Authors: Emily M. A. Lewis, Kesavan Meganathan, Dustin Baldridge, Paul Gontarz, Bo Zhang, Azad Bonni, John N. Constantino and Kristen L. Kroll

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:51

    Content type: Research

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  15. Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is caused by haploinsufficiency of the SHANK3 gene on chromosome 22q13.33 and is characterized by intellectual disability, hypotonia, severe speech impairments, and autism spectrum ...

    Authors: Alexander Kolevzon, Elsa Delaby, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Joseph D. Buxbaum and Catalina Betancur

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:50

    Content type: Review

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  16. Biological motion, namely the movement of others, conveys information that allows the identification of affective states and intentions. This makes it an important avenue of research in autism spectrum disorde...

    Authors: Greta Krasimirova Todorova, Rosalind Elizabeth Mcbean Hatton and Frank Earl Pollick

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:49

    Content type: Research

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  17. The aim of this paper was to provide an initial validation of a newly developed parent questionnaire—the Stanford Social Dimensions Scale (SSDS), designed to capture individual differences across several key s...

    Authors: Jennifer M. Phillips, Mirko Uljarević, Rachel K. Schuck, Salena Schapp, Elizabeth M. Solomon, Emma Salzman, Lauren Allerhand, Robin A. Libove, Thomas W. Frazier and Antonio Y. Hardan

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:48

    Content type: Research

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  18. Diminished cognitive control, including reduced behavioral flexibility and behavioral response inhibition, has been repeatedly documented in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We evaluated behavioral flexibility ...

    Authors: Lauren M. Schmitt, Erin Bojanek, Stormi P. White, Michael E. Ragozzino, Edwin H. Cook, John A. Sweeney and Matthew W. Mosconi

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:47

    Content type: Research

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  19. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition. The degree to which the brain development in ASD deviates from typical brain development, and how this deviation relates to obser...

    Authors: Birkan Tunç, Lisa D. Yankowitz, Drew Parker, Jacob A. Alappatt, Juhi Pandey, Robert T. Schultz and Ragini Verma

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:46

    Content type: Research

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  20. It has been suggested that parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) curtail their reproduction, a phenomenon known as reproductive stoppage. To investigate the presence of reproductive stoppage,...

    Authors: Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Henrik Larsson, Sebastian Lundström, Sven Sandin, Azadeh Chizarifard, Sven Bölte, Paul Lichtenstein and Emma Frans

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:45

    Content type: Research

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  21. The universal right to education for people with disabilities has been highlighted by the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. In this paper, we ...

    Authors: Robin van Kessel, Sebastian Walsh, Amber N. V. Ruigrok, Rosemary Holt, Anneli Yliherva, Eija Kärnä, Irma Moilanen, Eva Hjörne, Shruti Taneja Johansson, Diana Schendel, Lennart Pedersen, Meta Jørgensen, Carol Brayne, Simon Baron-Cohen and Andres Roman-Urrestarazu

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:44

    Content type: Research

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  22. In recent years, the universal right to education has been emphasised by the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. In this paper, we mapped polici...

    Authors: Robin van Kessel, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Amber Ruigrok, Rosemary Holt, Matt Commers, Rosa A. Hoekstra, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Carol Brayne and Simon Baron-Cohen

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:43

    Content type: Research

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  23. Cognitive dysfunction including disrupted behavioral flexibility is central to neurodevelopmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A cognitive measure that assesses relational memory, and the ...

    Authors: Rebecca H. C. Norris, Leonid Churilov, Anthony J. Hannan and Jess Nithianantharajah

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:42

    Content type: Research

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  24. Although neuronal extracellular sensing is emerging as crucial for brain wiring and therefore plasticity, little is known about these processes in neurodevelopmental disorders. Ubiquitin protein ligase E3A (UB...

    Authors: Ilaria Tonazzini, Geeske M. Van Woerden, Cecilia Masciullo, Edwin J. Mientjes, Ype Elgersma and Marco Cecchini

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:41

    Content type: Research

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  25. Humans can easily grasp the affective meaning of touch when observing social interactions. Several neural systems support this ability, including the theory of mind (ToM) network and the somatosensory system l...

    Authors: Haemy Lee Masson, Ineke Pillet, Steffie Amelynck, Stien Van De Plas, Michelle Hendriks, Hans Op de Beeck and Bart Boets

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. A gap exists in our mechanistic understanding of how genetic and environmental risk factors converge at the molecular level to result in the emergence of autism symptoms. We compared blood-based gene expressio...

    Authors: Ayden Saffari, Matt Arno, Eric Nasser, Angelica Ronald, Chloe C. Y. Wong, Leonard C. Schalkwyk, Jonathan Mill, Frank Dudbridge and Emma L. Meaburn

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that the Ethics statement of the articles should be changed. The Ethics statement now reads:

    Authors: Joel Frohlich, Lawrence T. Reiter, Vidya Saravanapandian, Charlotte DiStefano, Scott Huberty, Carly Hyde, Stormy Chamberlain, Carrie E. Bearden, Peyman Golshani, Andrei Irimia, Richard W. Olsen, Joerg F. Hipp and Shafali S. Jeste

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:37

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Molecular Autism 2019 10:29

  28. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects more than 1% of children in the USA. ASD risk is thought to arise from both genetic and environmental factors, with the perinatal pe...

    Authors: Charles E. Mordaunt, Bo Y. Park, Kelly M. Bakulski, Jason I. Feinberg, Lisa A. Croen, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Craig J. Newschaffer, Heather E. Volk, Sally Ozonoff, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Janine M. LaSalle, Rebecca J. Schmidt and M. Daniele Fallin

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. PHF21A has been associated with intellectual disability and craniofacial anomalies based on its deletion in the Potocki-Shaffer syndrome region at 11p11.2 and its disruption in three patients with balanced transl...

    Authors: Hyung-Goo Kim, Jill A. Rosenfeld, Daryl A. Scott, Gerard Bénédicte, Jonathan D. Labonne, Jason Brown, Marianne McGuire, Sonal Mahida, Sakkubai Naidu, Jacqueline Gutierrez, Gaetan Lesca, Vincent des Portes, Ange-Line Bruel, Arthur Sorlin, Fan Xia, Yline Capri…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Abnormal auditory neuromagnetic M50 and M100 responses, reflecting primary/secondary auditory cortex processing, have been reported in children who have autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Some studies have report...

    Authors: Timothy P. L. Roberts, Junko Matsuzaki, Lisa Blaskey, Luke Bloy, J. Christopher Edgar, Mina Kim, Matthew Ku, Emily S. Kuschner and David Embick

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:34

    Content type: Research

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  31. Neurogenetics investigations and diagnostic yield in patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have significantly improved over the last few years. Yet, many patients still fail to be systematically investi...

    Authors: Arnold Munnich, Caroline Demily, Lisa Frugère, Charlyne Duwime, Valérie Malan, Giulia Barcia, Céline Vidal, Emeline Throo, Claude Besmond, Laurence Hubert, Gilles Roland-Manuel, Jean-Pierre Malen, Mélanie Ferreri, Sylvain Hanein, Jean-Christophe Thalabard, Nathalie Boddaert…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:33

    Content type: Research

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  32. Lower gestational age may increase autism spectrum disorder (ASD) vulnerability; however, the incidence of ASD diagnosis through a direct assessment on every very preterm birth child on the population base rem...

    Authors: Li-Wen Chen, Shan-Tair Wang, Lan-Wan Wang, Yu-Chia Kao, Ching-Lin Chu, Chin-Chin Wu, Yi-Ting Hsieh, Chung-Hsin Chiang and Chao-Ching Huang

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Previous studies have identified differences in DNA methylation in autistic individuals compared to neurotypical individuals. Yet, it is unclear if this extends to autistic traits—subclinical manifestation of ...

    Authors: Aicha Massrali, Helena Brunel, Eilis Hannon, Chloe Wong, Simon Baron-Cohen and Varun Warrier

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:31

    Content type: Research

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  34. The 1.6 Mb 3q29 deletion is associated with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric phenotypes, including increased risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a 20 to 40-fold increased risk for schizophrenia. Howe...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Pollak, Melissa M. Murphy, Michael P. Epstein, Michael E. Zwick, Cheryl Klaiman, Celine A. Saulnier and Jennifer G. Mulle

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:30

    Content type: Research

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  35. Duplications of 15q11.2-q13.1 (Dup15q syndrome), including the paternally imprinted gene UBE3A and three nonimprinted gamma-aminobutyric acid type-A (GABAA) receptor genes, are highly penetrant for neurodevelopme...

    Authors: Joel Frohlich, Lawrence T. Reiter, Vidya Saravanapandian, Charlotte DiStefano, Scott Huberty, Carly Hyde, Stormy Chamberlain, Carrie E. Bearden, Peyman Golshani, Andrei Irimia, Richard W. Olsen, Joerg F. Hipp and Shafali S. Jeste

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Molecular Autism 2019 10:37

  36. The male bias in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses is well documented. As a result, less is known about the female ASD phenotype. Recent research suggests that conclusions drawn from predominantly male ...

    Authors: Clare Harrop, Desiree Jones, Shuting Zheng, Sallie Nowell, Robert Schultz and Julia Parish-Morris

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:28

    Content type: Research

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  37. Autism is hypothesized to represent a disorder of brain connectivity, yet patterns of atypical functional connectivity show marked heterogeneity across individuals.

    Authors: Jace B. King, Molly B. D. Prigge, Carolyn K. King, Jubel Morgan, Fiona Weathersby, J. Chancellor Fox, Douglas C. Dean III, Abigail Freeman, Joaquin Alfonso M. Villaruz, Karen L. Kane, Erin D. Bigler, Andrew L. Alexander, Nicholas Lange, Brandon Zielinski, Janet E. Lainhart and Jeffrey S. Anderson

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:27

    Content type: Research

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  38. An emerging literature suggests that autistic adults are at increased risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts, making suicidal plans and attempts, and dying by suicide. However, few studies have investigated wh...

    Authors: Gareth Richards, Rebecca Kenny, Sarah Griffiths, Carrie Allison, David Mosse, Rosemary Holt, Rory C. O’Connor, Sarah Cassidy and Simon Baron-Cohen

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:26

    Content type: Research

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  39. CYFIP1, a protein that interacts with FMRP and regulates protein synthesis and actin dynamics, is overexpressed in Dup15q syndrome as well as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While CYFIP1 heterozygosity has been r...

    Authors: Catherine Fricano-Kugler, Aaron Gordon, Grace Shin, Kun Gao, Jade Nguyen, Jamee Berg, Mary Starks and Daniel H. Geschwind

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:25

    Content type: Research

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  40. A considerable amount of research has discussed whether autism and psychiatric/neurodevelopmental conditions in general are best described categorically or dimensionally. In recent years, finite mixture models...

    Authors: Ahmad Abu-Akel, Carrie Allison, Simon Baron-Cohen and Dietmar Heinke

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:24

    Content type: Methodology

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  41. Angelman syndrome (AS) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations affecting UBE3A gene expression. Previous studies in mice revealed distinct critical periods during neurodevelopment in which rea...

    Authors: Monica Sonzogni, Johanna Hakonen, Mireia Bernabé Kleijn, Sara Silva-Santos, Matthew C. Judson, Benjamin D. Philpot, Geeske M. van Woerden and Ype Elgersma

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:23

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  42. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by abnormal neurodevelopment, genetic, and environmental risk factors, as well as immune dysfunctions. Several lines of evidence suggest alterations in innate ...

    Authors: Meriem Bennabi, Nadine Tarantino, Alexandru Gaman, Isabelle Scheid, Rajagopal Krishnamoorthy, Patrice Debré, Arthur Bouleau, Mireille Caralp, Sonia Gueguen, Myriam Ly Le-Moal, Manuel Bouvard, Anouck Amestoy, Richard Delorme, Marion Leboyer, Ryad Tamouza and Vincent Vieillard

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:22

    Content type: Research

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  43. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a common monogenic cause of intellectual disability with autism features. While it is caused by loss of the FMR1 product (FMRP), mosaicism for active and inactive FMR1 alleles, includi...

    Authors: Emma K. Baker, Marta Arpone, Solange M. Aliaga, Lesley Bretherton, Claudine M. Kraan, Minh Bui, Howard R. Slater, Ling Ling, David Francis, Matthew F. Hunter, Justine Elliott, Carolyn Rogers, Michael Field, Jonathan Cohen, Kim Cornish, Lorena Santa Maria…

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:21

    Content type: Research

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  44. Recent studies indicate increased autistic traits in musicians with absolute pitch and a higher proportion of absolute pitch in people with autism. Theoretical accounts connect both of these with shared neural...

    Authors: T. Wenhart, R. A. I. Bethlehem, S. Baron-Cohen and E. Altenmüller

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:20

    Content type: Research

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  45. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect around 1.5% of people worldwide. Symptoms start around age 2, when children fail to maintain eye contact and to develop speech and other forms of communication. Disturban...

    Authors: Elisa Maria Guimarães-Souza, Christina Joselevitch, Luiz Roberto G. Britto and Silvana Chiavegatto

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:19

    Content type: Research

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  46. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) describes a phenomenon where individuals inflict deliberate pain and tissue damage to their bodies. Self-injurious behaviour is especially prevalent across the autism spectrum, ...

    Authors: R. L. Moseley, N. J. Gregory, P. Smith, C. Allison and S. Baron-Cohen

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Epidemiological and clinical evidence points to cancer as a comorbidity in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A significant overlap of genes and biological processes between both diseases has also be...

    Authors: Jaume Forés-Martos, Ferrán Catalá-López, Jon Sánchez-Valle, Kristina Ibáñez, Héctor Tejero, Helena Palma-Gudiel, Joan Climent, Vera Pancaldi, Lourdes Fañanás, Celso Arango, Mara Parellada, Anaïs Baudot, Daniel Vogt, John L. Rubenstein, Alfonso Valencia and Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:17

    Content type: Research

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  48. Increasing attention is being paid to the higher prevalence of boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and to the implications of this ratio discrepancy on our understanding of autism in girls. One recent ave...

    Authors: Philippine Geelhand, Philippe Bernard, Olivier Klein, Bob van Tiel and Mikhail Kissine

    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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