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  1. The aim of this paper was to provide an initial validation of a newly developed parent questionnaire—the Stanford Social Dimensions Scale (SSDS), designed to capture individual differences across several key s...

    Authors: Jennifer M. Phillips, Mirko Uljarević, Rachel K. Schuck, Salena Schapp, Elizabeth M. Solomon, Emma Salzman, Lauren Allerhand, Robin A. Libove, Thomas W. Frazier and Antonio Y. Hardan
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:48
  2. Diminished cognitive control, including reduced behavioral flexibility and behavioral response inhibition, has been repeatedly documented in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We evaluated behavioral flexibility ...

    Authors: Lauren M. Schmitt, Erin Bojanek, Stormi P. White, Michael E. Ragozzino, Edwin H. Cook, John A. Sweeney and Matthew W. Mosconi
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:47
  3. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition. The degree to which the brain development in ASD deviates from typical brain development, and how this deviation relates to obser...

    Authors: Birkan Tunç, Lisa D. Yankowitz, Drew Parker, Jacob A. Alappatt, Juhi Pandey, Robert T. Schultz and Ragini Verma
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:46
  4. It has been suggested that parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) curtail their reproduction, a phenomenon known as reproductive stoppage. To investigate the presence of reproductive stoppage,...

    Authors: Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Henrik Larsson, Sebastian Lundström, Sven Sandin, Azadeh Chizarifard, Sven Bölte, Paul Lichtenstein and Emma Frans
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:45
  5. The universal right to education for people with disabilities has been highlighted by the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. In this paper, we ...

    Authors: Robin van Kessel, Sebastian Walsh, Amber N. V. Ruigrok, Rosemary Holt, Anneli Yliherva, Eija Kärnä, Irma Moilanen, Eva Hjörne, Shruti Taneja Johansson, Diana Schendel, Lennart Pedersen, Meta Jørgensen, Carol Brayne, Simon Baron-Cohen and Andres Roman-Urrestarazu
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:44
  6. In recent years, the universal right to education has been emphasised by the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. In this paper, we mapped polici...

    Authors: Robin van Kessel, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Amber Ruigrok, Rosemary Holt, Matt Commers, Rosa A. Hoekstra, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Carol Brayne and Simon Baron-Cohen
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:43
  7. Cognitive dysfunction including disrupted behavioral flexibility is central to neurodevelopmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A cognitive measure that assesses relational memory, and the ...

    Authors: Rebecca H. C. Norris, Leonid Churilov, Anthony J. Hannan and Jess Nithianantharajah
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:42
  8. Although neuronal extracellular sensing is emerging as crucial for brain wiring and therefore plasticity, little is known about these processes in neurodevelopmental disorders. Ubiquitin protein ligase E3A (UB...

    Authors: Ilaria Tonazzini, Geeske M. Van Woerden, Cecilia Masciullo, Edwin J. Mientjes, Ype Elgersma and Marco Cecchini
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:41
  9. Humans can easily grasp the affective meaning of touch when observing social interactions. Several neural systems support this ability, including the theory of mind (ToM) network and the somatosensory system l...

    Authors: Haemy Lee Masson, Ineke Pillet, Steffie Amelynck, Stien Van De Plas, Michelle Hendriks, Hans Op de Beeck and Bart Boets
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:39
  10. A gap exists in our mechanistic understanding of how genetic and environmental risk factors converge at the molecular level to result in the emergence of autism symptoms. We compared blood-based gene expressio...

    Authors: Ayden Saffari, Matt Arno, Eric Nasser, Angelica Ronald, Chloe C. Y. Wong, Leonard C. Schalkwyk, Jonathan Mill, Frank Dudbridge and Emma L. Meaburn
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:38
  11. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that the Ethics statement of the articles should be changed. The Ethics statement now reads:

    Authors: Joel Frohlich, Lawrence T. Reiter, Vidya Saravanapandian, Charlotte DiStefano, Scott Huberty, Carly Hyde, Stormy Chamberlain, Carrie E. Bearden, Peyman Golshani, Andrei Irimia, Richard W. Olsen, Joerg F. Hipp and Shafali S. Jeste
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:37

    The original article was published in Molecular Autism 2019 10:29

  12. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects more than 1% of children in the USA. ASD risk is thought to arise from both genetic and environmental factors, with the perinatal pe...

    Authors: Charles E. Mordaunt, Bo Y. Park, Kelly M. Bakulski, Jason I. Feinberg, Lisa A. Croen, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Craig J. Newschaffer, Heather E. Volk, Sally Ozonoff, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Janine M. LaSalle, Rebecca J. Schmidt and M. Daniele Fallin
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:36
  13. PHF21A has been associated with intellectual disability and craniofacial anomalies based on its deletion in the Potocki-Shaffer syndrome region at 11p11.2 and its disruption in three patients with balanced transl...

    Authors: Hyung-Goo Kim, Jill A. Rosenfeld, Daryl A. Scott, Gerard Bénédicte, Jonathan D. Labonne, Jason Brown, Marianne McGuire, Sonal Mahida, Sakkubai Naidu, Jacqueline Gutierrez, Gaetan Lesca, Vincent des Portes, Ange-Line Bruel, Arthur Sorlin, Fan Xia, Yline Capri…
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:35
  14. Abnormal auditory neuromagnetic M50 and M100 responses, reflecting primary/secondary auditory cortex processing, have been reported in children who have autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Some studies have report...

    Authors: Timothy P. L. Roberts, Junko Matsuzaki, Lisa Blaskey, Luke Bloy, J. Christopher Edgar, Mina Kim, Matthew Ku, Emily S. Kuschner and David Embick
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:34
  15. Neurogenetics investigations and diagnostic yield in patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have significantly improved over the last few years. Yet, many patients still fail to be systematically investi...

    Authors: Arnold Munnich, Caroline Demily, Lisa Frugère, Charlyne Duwime, Valérie Malan, Giulia Barcia, Céline Vidal, Emeline Throo, Claude Besmond, Laurence Hubert, Gilles Roland-Manuel, Jean-Pierre Malen, Mélanie Ferreri, Sylvain Hanein, Jean-Christophe Thalabard, Nathalie Boddaert…
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:33
  16. Lower gestational age may increase autism spectrum disorder (ASD) vulnerability; however, the incidence of ASD diagnosis through a direct assessment on every very preterm birth child on the population base rem...

    Authors: Li-Wen Chen, Shan-Tair Wang, Lan-Wan Wang, Yu-Chia Kao, Ching-Lin Chu, Chin-Chin Wu, Yi-Ting Hsieh, Chung-Hsin Chiang and Chao-Ching Huang
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:32
  17. Previous studies have identified differences in DNA methylation in autistic individuals compared to neurotypical individuals. Yet, it is unclear if this extends to autistic traits—subclinical manifestation of ...

    Authors: Aicha Massrali, Helena Brunel, Eilis Hannon, Chloe Wong, Simon Baron-Cohen and Varun Warrier
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:31
  18. The 1.6 Mb 3q29 deletion is associated with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric phenotypes, including increased risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a 20 to 40-fold increased risk for schizophrenia. Howe...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Pollak, Melissa M. Murphy, Michael P. Epstein, Michael E. Zwick, Cheryl Klaiman, Celine A. Saulnier and Jennifer G. Mulle
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:30
  19. Duplications of 15q11.2-q13.1 (Dup15q syndrome), including the paternally imprinted gene UBE3A and three nonimprinted gamma-aminobutyric acid type-A (GABAA) receptor genes, are highly penetrant for neurodevelopme...

    Authors: Joel Frohlich, Lawrence T. Reiter, Vidya Saravanapandian, Charlotte DiStefano, Scott Huberty, Carly Hyde, Stormy Chamberlain, Carrie E. Bearden, Peyman Golshani, Andrei Irimia, Richard W. Olsen, Joerg F. Hipp and Shafali S. Jeste
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:29

    The Correction to this article has been published in Molecular Autism 2019 10:37

  20. The male bias in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses is well documented. As a result, less is known about the female ASD phenotype. Recent research suggests that conclusions drawn from predominantly male ...

    Authors: Clare Harrop, Desiree Jones, Shuting Zheng, Sallie Nowell, Robert Schultz and Julia Parish-Morris
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:28
  21. Autism is hypothesized to represent a disorder of brain connectivity, yet patterns of atypical functional connectivity show marked heterogeneity across individuals.

    Authors: Jace B. King, Molly B. D. Prigge, Carolyn K. King, Jubel Morgan, Fiona Weathersby, J. Chancellor Fox, Douglas C. Dean III, Abigail Freeman, Joaquin Alfonso M. Villaruz, Karen L. Kane, Erin D. Bigler, Andrew L. Alexander, Nicholas Lange, Brandon Zielinski, Janet E. Lainhart and Jeffrey S. Anderson
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:27
  22. An emerging literature suggests that autistic adults are at increased risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts, making suicidal plans and attempts, and dying by suicide. However, few studies have investigated wh...

    Authors: Gareth Richards, Rebecca Kenny, Sarah Griffiths, Carrie Allison, David Mosse, Rosemary Holt, Rory C. O’Connor, Sarah Cassidy and Simon Baron-Cohen
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:26
  23. CYFIP1, a protein that interacts with FMRP and regulates protein synthesis and actin dynamics, is overexpressed in Dup15q syndrome as well as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While CYFIP1 heterozygosity has been r...

    Authors: Catherine Fricano-Kugler, Aaron Gordon, Grace Shin, Kun Gao, Jade Nguyen, Jamee Berg, Mary Starks and Daniel H. Geschwind
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:25
  24. A considerable amount of research has discussed whether autism and psychiatric/neurodevelopmental conditions in general are best described categorically or dimensionally. In recent years, finite mixture models...

    Authors: Ahmad Abu-Akel, Carrie Allison, Simon Baron-Cohen and Dietmar Heinke
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:24
  25. Angelman syndrome (AS) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations affecting UBE3A gene expression. Previous studies in mice revealed distinct critical periods during neurodevelopment in which rea...

    Authors: Monica Sonzogni, Johanna Hakonen, Mireia Bernabé Kleijn, Sara Silva-Santos, Matthew C. Judson, Benjamin D. Philpot, Geeske M. van Woerden and Ype Elgersma
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:23
  26. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by abnormal neurodevelopment, genetic, and environmental risk factors, as well as immune dysfunctions. Several lines of evidence suggest alterations in innate ...

    Authors: Meriem Bennabi, Nadine Tarantino, Alexandru Gaman, Isabelle Scheid, Rajagopal Krishnamoorthy, Patrice Debré, Arthur Bouleau, Mireille Caralp, Sonia Gueguen, Myriam Ly Le-Moal, Manuel Bouvard, Anouck Amestoy, Richard Delorme, Marion Leboyer, Ryad Tamouza and Vincent Vieillard
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:22
  27. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a common monogenic cause of intellectual disability with autism features. While it is caused by loss of the FMR1 product (FMRP), mosaicism for active and inactive FMR1 alleles, includi...

    Authors: Emma K. Baker, Marta Arpone, Solange M. Aliaga, Lesley Bretherton, Claudine M. Kraan, Minh Bui, Howard R. Slater, Ling Ling, David Francis, Matthew F. Hunter, Justine Elliott, Carolyn Rogers, Michael Field, Jonathan Cohen, Kim Cornish, Lorena Santa Maria…
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:21
  28. Recent studies indicate increased autistic traits in musicians with absolute pitch and a higher proportion of absolute pitch in people with autism. Theoretical accounts connect both of these with shared neural...

    Authors: T. Wenhart, R. A. I. Bethlehem, S. Baron-Cohen and E. Altenmüller
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:20
  29. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect around 1.5% of people worldwide. Symptoms start around age 2, when children fail to maintain eye contact and to develop speech and other forms of communication. Disturban...

    Authors: Elisa Maria Guimarães-Souza, Christina Joselevitch, Luiz Roberto G. Britto and Silvana Chiavegatto
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:19
  30. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) describes a phenomenon where individuals inflict deliberate pain and tissue damage to their bodies. Self-injurious behaviour is especially prevalent across the autism spectrum, ...

    Authors: R. L. Moseley, N. J. Gregory, P. Smith, C. Allison and S. Baron-Cohen
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:18
  31. Epidemiological and clinical evidence points to cancer as a comorbidity in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A significant overlap of genes and biological processes between both diseases has also be...

    Authors: Jaume Forés-Martos, Ferrán Catalá-López, Jon Sánchez-Valle, Kristina Ibáñez, Héctor Tejero, Helena Palma-Gudiel, Joan Climent, Vera Pancaldi, Lourdes Fañanás, Celso Arango, Mara Parellada, Anaïs Baudot, Daniel Vogt, John L. Rubenstein, Alfonso Valencia and Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:17
  32. Increasing attention is being paid to the higher prevalence of boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and to the implications of this ratio discrepancy on our understanding of autism in girls. One recent ave...

    Authors: Philippine Geelhand, Philippe Bernard, Olivier Klein, Bob van Tiel and Mikhail Kissine
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:16
  33. Mutations of the SCN2A gene encoding a voltage-gated sodium channel alpha-II subunit Nav1.2 are associated with neurological disorders such as epilepsy, autism spectrum disorders, intellectual disability, and sch...

    Authors: Tetsuya Tatsukawa, Matthieu Raveau, Ikuo Ogiwara, Satoko Hattori, Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Emi Mazaki, Shigeyoshi Itohara, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa, Mauricio Montal and Kazuhiro Yamakawa
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:15
  34. Narrative abilities are linked to social impairment in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), such that reductions in words about cognitive processes (e.g., think, know) are thought to reflect underlying deficits in soc...

    Authors: Jaclin Boorse, Meredith Cola, Samantha Plate, Lisa Yankowitz, Juhi Pandey, Robert T. Schultz and Julia Parish-Morris
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:14
  35. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by persisting difficulties in everyday functioning. Adaptive behaviour is heterogeneous across individuals with ASD, and it is not clear to what extent early dev...

    Authors: Giorgia Bussu, Emily J. H. Jones, Tony Charman, Mark H. Johnson and Jan K. Buitelaar
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:13
  36. Autism is a highly varied and heritable neurodevelopmental condition, and common variants explain approximately 50% of the genetic variance of autism. One of the genes implicated in autism is the oxytocin rece...

    Authors: Florina Uzefovsky, Richard A. I. Bethlehem, Simone Shamay-Tsoory, Amber Ruigrok, Rosemary Holt, Michael Spencer, Lindsay Chura, Varun Warrier, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Ed Bullmore, John Suckling, Dorothea Floris and Simon Baron-Cohen
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:12
  37. The core features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are easily recognizable in non-structured clinical and real-life situations. The features are often difficult to capture in structured laboratory settings, a...

    Authors: Anne L. Høyland, Terje Nærland, Morten Engstrøm, Tonje Torske, Stian Lydersen and Ole A. Andreassen
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:10
  38. Current global estimates suggest the proportion of the population with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who have intellectual disability (ID) is approximately 50%. Our objective was to ascertain the existence of...

    Authors: Ginny Russell, William Mandy, Daisy Elliott, Rhianna White, Tom Pittwood and Tamsin Ford
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:9
  39. Of the many genetic mutations known to increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder, a large proportion cluster upon synaptic proteins. One such family of presynaptic proteins are the neurexins (NRXN), and re...

    Authors: Eleftheria Pervolaraki, Adam L. Tyson, Francesca Pibiri, Steven L. Poulter, Amy C. Reichelt, R. John Rodgers, Steven J. Clapcote, Colin Lever, Laura C. Andreae and James Dachtler
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:8
  40. Autism prevalence in the West is approximately 1% of school age children. Autism prevalence in China has been reported to be lower than in the West. This is likely due to at least two reasons: (1) most studies...

    Authors: Xiang Sun, Carrie Allison, Liping Wei, Fiona E. Matthews, Bonnie Auyeung, Yu Yu Wu, Sian Griffiths, Jie Zhang, Simon Baron-Cohen and Carol Brayne
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:7
  41. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) exhibit two clusters of core symptoms, i.e., social and communication impairment, and repetitive behaviors and sensory abnormalities. Our previous study demonstrated that TBR1, ...

    Authors: Tzyy-Nan Huang, Tzu-Li Yen, Lily R. Qiu, Hsiu-Chun Chuang, Jason P. Lerch and Yi-Ping Hsueh
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:5
  42. Sensory processing difficulties are common across neurodevelopmental disorders. Thus, reliable measures are needed to understand the biological underpinnings of these differences. This study aimed to define a ...

    Authors: Teresa Tavassoli, Anne Brandes-Aitken, Robyn Chu, Lisa Porter, Sarah Schoen, Lucy Jane Miller, Molly Rae Gerdes, Julia Owen, Pratik Mukherjee and Elysa J. Marco
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:4
  43. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is currently estimated to affect more than 1% of the world population. For people with ASD, gastrointestinal (GI) distress is a commonly reported but a poorly understood co-occur...

    Authors: David M. James, Robert A. Kozol, Yuji Kajiwara, Adam L. Wahl, Emily C. Storrs, Joseph D. Buxbaum, Mason Klein, Baharak Moshiree and Julia E. Dallman
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:3
  44. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a major regulator of synaptic plasticity and neuromodulation. Alterations of the ECS have been demonstrated in several animal models of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In so...

    Authors: Adi Aran, Maya Eylon, Moria Harel, Lola Polianski, Alina Nemirovski, Sigal Tepper, Aviad Schnapp, Hanoch Cassuto, Nadia Wattad and Joseph Tam
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:2
  45. Evidence has indicated that some non-inherited factors such as exposure to environmental pollutants are associated with neurodevelopment disorders like autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Studies report that endoc...

    Authors: Manhai Long, Mandana Ghisari, Lisbeth Kjeldsen, Maria Wielsøe, Bent Nørgaard-Pedersen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Morsi W. Abdallah and Eva C. Bonefeld-Jørgensen
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2019 10:1
  46. Functional neuroimaging research in autism spectrum disorder has reported patterns of decreased long-range, within-network, and interhemispheric connectivity. Research has also reported increased corticostriat...

    Authors: Terisa P. Gabrielsen, Jeff S. Anderson, Kevin G. Stephenson, Jonathan Beck, Jace B. King, Ryan Kellems, David N. Top Jr, Nicholas C. C. Russell, Emily Anderberg, Rebecca A. Lundwall, Blake Hansen and Mikle South
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2018 9:67
  47. Neuroglial cells that provide homeostatic support and form defence of the nervous system contribute to all neurological disorders. We analyzed three major types of neuroglia, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ...

    Authors: Maria Rosanna Bronzuoli, Roberta Facchinetti, Davide Ingrassia, Michela Sarvadio, Sara Schiavi, Luca Steardo, Alexei Verkhratsky, Viviana Trezza and Caterina Scuderi
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2018 9:66

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