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  1. Adolescent females with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are an understudied population, yet are also quite vulnerable, due to the increased complexities of social interaction and increased risk for internali...

    Authors: T. Rene Jamison and Jessica Oeth Schuttler
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:53
  2. Evidence indicates that social functioning deficits and sensory sensitivities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are related to atypical sensory integration. The exact mechanisms underlying these integration di...

    Authors: Katie Greenfield, Danielle Ropar, Alastair D. Smith, Mark Carey and Roger Newport
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:51
  3. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed much less often in females than males. Emerging behavioral accounts suggest that the clinical presentation of autism is different in females and males, yet research ...

    Authors: Kaustubh Supekar and Vinod Menon
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:50
  4. Autism spectrum conditions (ASC) are a group of neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication alongside repetitive and stereotyped behaviours. ASC are heri...

    Authors: Varun Warrier, Vivienne Chee, Paula Smith, Bhismadev Chakrabarti and Simon Baron-Cohen
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:49
  5. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits are continuously distributed throughout the population, and ASD symptoms are also frequently observed in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Bot...

    Authors: Eelco V. van Dongen, Daniel von Rhein, Laurence O’Dwyer, Barbara Franke, Catharina A. Hartman, Dirk J. Heslenfeld, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Jaap Oosterlaan, Nanda Rommelse and Jan Buitelaar
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:48
  6. Understanding and anticipating others’ mental or emotional states relies on the processing of social cues, such as dynamic facial expressions. Individuals with high-functioning autism (HFA) may process these c...

    Authors: Letizia Palumbo, Hollie G. Burnett and Tjeerd Jellema
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:47
  7. MicroRNAs are small RNA molecules that regulate the translation of protein from gene transcripts and are a powerful mechanism to regulate gene networks. Next-generation sequencing technologies have produced im...

    Authors: Michal Mor, Stefano Nardone, Dev Sharan Sams and Evan Elliott
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:46
  8. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is highly heritable, yet genome-wide association studies (GWAS), copy number variation screens, and candidate gene association studies have found no single factor accounting for ...

    Authors: Anthony J. Griswold, Nicole D. Dueker, Derek Van Booven, Joseph A. Rantus, James M. Jaworski, Susan H. Slifer, Michael A. Schmidt, William Hulme, Ioanna Konidari, Patrice L. Whitehead, Michael L. Cuccaro, Eden R. Martin, Jonathan L. Haines, John R. Gilbert, John P. Hussman and Margaret A. Pericak-Vance
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:43
  9. Male predominance is a prominent feature of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), with a reported male to female ratio of 4:1. Because of the overwhelming focus on males, little is known about the neuroanatomical b...

    Authors: Marie Schaer, John Kochalka, Aarthi Padmanabhan, Kaustubh Supekar and Vinod Menon
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:42
  10. The genetics of autism spectrum disorder (hereafter referred to as “autism”) are rapidly unfolding, with a significant increase in the identification of genes implicated in the disorder. Many of these genes ar...

    Authors: Neha Uppal, Rishi Puri, Frank Yuk, William G M Janssen, Ozlem Bozdagi-Gunal, Hala Harony-Nicolas, Dara L Dickstein, Joseph D Buxbaum and Patrick R Hof
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:41
  11. There is growing research evidence that subclinical autistic traits are elevated in relatives of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), continuously distributed in the general population and likely t...

    Authors: I. Magiati, D. A. Goh, S. J. Lim, D. Z. Q. Gan, J. C. L. Leong, C. Allison, S. Baron-Cohen, A. Rifkin-Graboi, B F P. Broekman, S-M. Saw, Y-S. Chong, K. Kwek, P. D. Gluckman, S. B. Lim and M. J. Meaney
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:40
  12. Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) likely involve dysregulation of multiple genes related to brain function and development. Abnormalities in individual regulatory small non-coding RNA (sncRNA), including microR...

    Authors: Bradley P. Ander, Nicole Barger, Boryana Stamova, Frank R. Sharp and Cynthia M. Schumann
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:37
  13. One of the most consistent findings in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research is a higher rate of ASD diagnosis in males than females. Despite this, remarkably little research has focused on the reasons for t...

    Authors: Alycia K Halladay, Somer Bishop, John N Constantino, Amy M Daniels, Katheen Koenig, Kate Palmer, Daniel Messinger, Kevin Pelphrey, Stephan J Sanders, Alison Tepper Singer, Julie Lounds Taylor and Peter Szatmari
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:36
  14. The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is higher in men than in women. The extreme male brain theory proposes that excessive prenatal testosterone activity could be a risk factor for ASDs. However,...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Masuya, Yuko Okamoto, Keisuke Inohara, Yukiko Matsumura, Toru Fujioka, Yuji Wada and Hirotaka Kosaka
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:34
  15. Several observations support the hypothesis that differences in synaptic and regional cerebral plasticity between the sexes account for the high ratio of males to females in autism. First, males are more susce...

    Authors: Laurent Mottron, Pauline Duret, Sophia Mueller, Robert D Moore, Baudouin Forgeot d’Arc, Sebastien Jacquemont and Lan Xiong
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:33
  16. The increased male prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be mirrored by the early emergence of sex differences in ASD symptoms and cognitive functioning. The female protective effect hypothesis posi...

    Authors: Daniel S. Messinger, Gregory S. Young, Sara Jane Webb, Sally Ozonoff, Susan E. Bryson, Alice Carter, Leslie Carver, Tony Charman, Katarzyna Chawarska, Suzanne Curtin, Karen Dobkins, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Ted Hutman, Jana M. Iverson, Rebecca Landa, Charles A. Nelson…
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:32
  17. Previous autism research has hypothesized that abnormalities of functional connectivity in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may vary with the spatial distance between two brain regions. Although several resting-...

    Authors: Takashi Itahashi, Takashi Yamada, Hiromi Watanabe, Motoaki Nakamura, Haruhisa Ohta, Chieko Kanai, Akira Iwanami, Nobumasa Kato and Ryu-ichiro Hashimoto
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:30
  18. Neuroanatomical differences between individuals with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were inconsistent in the literature. Such heterogeneity may substantially originate from age-differential effects.

    Authors: Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Hsing-Chang Ni, Meng-Chuan Lai, Wen-Yih Isaac Tseng and Susan Shur-Fen Gau
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:29
  19. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a brain area involved in modulating behavior associated with social interaction, disruption of which is a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Functional brain...

    Authors: Michelle J Chandley, Jessica D Crawford, Attila Szebeni, Katalin Szebeni and Gregory A Ordway
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:28

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Molecular Autism 2015 6:38

  20. Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are more prevalent in males, suggesting a multiple threshold liability model in which females are, on average, protected by sex-differential mechanisms. Under this model, autis...

    Authors: Donna M Werling and Daniel H Geschwind
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:27
  21. Abnormalities in the corpus callosum have been reported in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but few studies have evaluated young children. Sex differences in callosal organization and diffusion...

    Authors: Christine Wu Nordahl, Ana-Maria Iosif, Gregory S Young, Lee Michael Perry, Robert Dougherty, Aaron Lee, Deana Li, Michael H Buonocore, Tony Simon, Sally Rogers, Brian Wandell and David G Amaral
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:26

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Molecular Autism 2015 6:39

  22. A 4:1 male to female sex bias has consistently been observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Epidemiological and genetic studies suggest a female protective effect (FPE) may account for part of this bias; h...

    Authors: Jake Gockley, A Jeremy Willsey, Shan Dong, Joseph D Dougherty, John N Constantino and Stephan J Sanders
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:25
  23. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by significant impairment in reciprocal social interactions and communication coupled with stereotyped, repetitive behaviors and r...

    Authors: Valerie W Hu, Tewarit Sarachana, Rachel M Sherrard and Kristen M Kocher
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:7
  24. SHANK proteins are crucial for the formation and plasticity of excitatory synapses. Although mutations in all three SHANK genes are associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), SHANK3 appears to be the major A...

    Authors: Daniela M Cochoy, Alexander Kolevzon, Yuji Kajiwara, Michael Schoen, Maria Pascual-Lucas, Stacey Lurie, Joseph D Buxbaum, Tobias M Boeckers and Michael J Schmeisser
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:23
  25. Difficulties in recognizing emotions and mental states are central characteristics of autism spectrum conditions (ASC). However, emotion recognition (ER) studies have focused mostly on recognition of the six ‘...

    Authors: Ofer Golan, Yana Sinai-Gavrilov and Simon Baron-Cohen
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:22
  26. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders with high heritability. Recent findings support a highly heterogeneous and complex genetic etiology including rare de novo and inherited...

    Authors: Marta Codina-Solà, Benjamín Rodríguez-Santiago, Aïda Homs, Javier Santoyo, Maria Rigau, Gemma Aznar-Laín, Miguel del Campo, Blanca Gener, Elisabeth Gabau, María Pilar Botella, Armand Gutiérrez-Arumí, Guillermo Antiñolo, Luis Alberto Pérez-Jurado and Ivon Cuscó
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:21
  27. Apparently balanced chromosomal rearrangements can be associated with an abnormal phenotype, including intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Genome-wide microarrays reveal cryptic genomic...

    Authors: Anne-Claude Tabet, Alain Verloes, Marion Pilorge, Elsa Delaby, Richard Delorme, Gudrun Nygren, Françoise Devillard, Marion Gérard, Sandrine Passemard, Delphine Héron, Jean-Pierre Siffroi, Aurelia Jacquette, Andrée Delahaye, Laurence Perrin, Céline Dupont, Azzedine Aboura…
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:19
  28. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting more than 1% of children. It is characterized by social communication deficits and repetitive behaviors/restricted interests. In the ab...

    Authors: Deepali Mankad, Annie Dupuis, Sharon Smile, Wendy Roberts, Jessica Brian, Toni Lui, Lisa Genore, Dina Zaghloul, Alana Iaboni, Peggy Margaret A Marcon and Evdokia Anagnostou
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:18
  29. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a complex genetic etiology. Some symptoms and mutated genes, including neuroligin (NLGN), neurexin (NRXN), and SH3 and multiple ankyrin repeat domains protein (SHANK), are share...

    Authors: Eriko Fujita-Jimbo, Yuko Tanabe, Zhiling Yu, Karin Kojima, Masato Mori, Hong Li, Sadahiko Iwamoto, Takanori Yamagata, Mariko Y Momoi and Takashi Momoi
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:17
  30. The corpus callosum is the largest white matter structure in the brain, and it is the most consistently reported to be atypical in diffusion tensor imaging studies of autism spectrum disorder. In individuals w...

    Authors: Brittany G Travers, Do P M Tromp, Nagesh Adluru, Nicholas Lange, Dan Destiche, Chad Ennis, Jared A Nielsen, Alyson L Froehlich, Molly B D Prigge, P Thomas Fletcher, Jeffrey S Anderson, Brandon A Zielinski, Erin D Bigler, Janet E Lainhart and Andrew L Alexander
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:15
  31. The purpose of the study was to evaluate time trends and effects of co-existing autism spectrum disorders (ASD) on outcome in an ongoing long-term follow-up study of anorexia nervosa (AN).

    Authors: Søren Nielsen, Henrik Anckarsäter, Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam and Elisabet Wentz
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:14
  32. An important minority of school-aged autistic children, often characterized as ‘nonverbal’ or ‘minimally verbal,’ displays little or no spoken language. These children are at risk of being judged ‘low-function...

    Authors: Valérie Courchesne, Andrée-Anne S Meilleur, Marie-Pier Poulin-Lord, Michelle Dawson and Isabelle Soulières
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:12
  33. Preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit difficulties in handling social stress and utilizing efficient emotion regulation (ER) strategies to manage high arousal. While researchers called to as...

    Authors: Sharon Ostfeld-Etzion, Ofer Golan, Yael Hirschler-Guttenberg, Orna Zagoory-Sharon and Ruth Feldman
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:11
  34. Our laboratory recently characterized a novel autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-associated de novo missense mutation in the human dopamine transporter (hDAT) gene SLC6A3 (hDAT T356M). This hDAT variant exhibits dysf...

    Authors: Peter J Hamilton, Aparna Shekar, Andrea N Belovich, Nicole Bibus Christianson, Nicholas G Campbell, James S Sutcliffe, Aurelio Galli, Heinrich JG Matthies and Kevin Erreger
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:8
  35. The aim of this study was to investigate potential differences in neural structure in individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS), high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The main symptom...

    Authors: Ulrika Roine, Juha Salmi, Timo Roine, Taina Nieminen-von Wendt, Sami Leppämäki, Pertti Rintahaka, Pekka Tani, Alexander Leemans and Mikko Sams
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:4
  36. Insufficient vitamin D activity has attracted increasing interest as a possible underlying risk factor in disorders of the central nervous system, including autism.

    Authors: Elisabeth Fernell, Susanne Bejerot, Joakim Westerlund, Carmela Miniscalco, Henry Simila, Darryl Eyles, Christopher Gillberg and Mats B Humble
    Citation: Molecular Autism 2015 6:3

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