Skip to main content

Table 4 Multivariate multiple regression model predicting clinical variables by sensory class

From: Dissecting the phenotypic heterogeneity in sensory features in autism spectrum disorder: a factor mixture modelling approach

 

Sensory severe vs. low subgroup

Sensory moderate vs. low subgroup

Variable

b

SE (b)

t

95% CI

b

SE (b)

t

95% CI

ADOS CSS-SA

− 0.06 (0.63)

− 0.10

[− 1.30, 1.18]

0.37 (0.49)

0.76

[− 0.60, 1.34]

ADOS CSS-RRB

− 0.10 (0.71)

− 0.14

[− 1.50, 1.30]

0.18 (0.56)

0.33

[− 0.91, 1.28]

SRS-2 SCI

10.36 (2.68)

3.86*

[5.08, 15.64]

5.70 (2.10)

2.72*

[1.57, 9.84]

RBS-R stereotyped

2.35 (0.89)

2.64*

[0.59, 4.10]

0.97 (0.70)

1.40

[− 0.40, 2.35]

RBS-R self-injurious

0.90 (0.64)

1.41

[− 0.36, 2.16]

0.99 (0.50)

1.98+

[0.01, 1.98]

RBS-R compulsive

2.14 (0.67)

3.18*

[0.81, 3.46]

0.35 (0.53)

0.67

[− 0.69, 1.39]

RBS-R ritualistic/sameness

6.96 (1.38)

5.04*

[4.24, 9.68]

3.75 (1.08)

3.47*

[1.62, 5.88]

RBS-R restricted

1.24 (0.50)

2.49+

[0.26, 2.23]

0.26 (0.39)

0.68

[− 0.50, 1.03]

DAWBA anxiety (linear)

0.43 (0.25)

1.74

[− 0.06, 0.91]

0.23 (0.19)

1.17

[− 0.15, 0.61]

DAWBA anxiety (quadratic)

0.24 (0.25)

0.98

[− 0.24, 0.72]

0.67 (0.19)

3.48*

[0.29, 1.05]

DAWBA anxiety (cubic)

− 0.21 (0.24)

− 0.91

[− 0.68, 0.25]

− 0.01 (0.18)

− 0.05

[− 0.37, 0.35]

ADHD inattention

2.00 (0.73)

2.74*

[0.56, 3.45]

0.85 (0.57)

1.49

[− 0.28, 1.98]

ADHD hyperactivity/impulsivity

1.68 (0.68)

2.49

[0.35, 3.01]

0.93 (0.53)

1.76

[− 0.11, 1.97]

VABS socialisation

11.98 (3.78)

3.16*

[19.44,4.52]

− 5.16 (2.96)

− 1.74

[− 11.00, 0.67]

VABS daily living

− 9.54 (3.80)

− 2.51+

[− 17.04, − 2.05]

− 2.14 (2.98)

− 0.72

[− 8.01, 3.72]

VABS communication

− 3.81 (3.36)

− 1.13

[− 10.43, 2.81]

0.30 (2.63)

0.12

[− 4.88, 5.48]

VABS ABC

− 8.03 (3.13)

− 2.56+

[− 14.20, − 1.85]

− 2.01 (2.45)

− 0.82

[− 6.84, 2.82]

  1. b regression coefficient, SE (b) standard error of regression coefficient, t t statistic, 95% CI 95% confidence interval of regression coefficient, ABC Adaptive Behaviour Composite, ADOS CSS-SA, RRB Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Calibrated Severity Scores for Social Affect and Restricted and Repetitive Behaviours, SRS-2 Social Responsiveness Scale–2, RBS-R Repetitive Behaviour Scale-Revised, ADHD DSM-5 ADHD rating scale
  2. *p < .01
  3. +p < .05