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Table 4 Pre- and post-treatment performance on behavioral measures (combined sample)

From: Effectiveness of a modified group cognitive behavioral therapy program for anxiety in children with ASD delivered in a community context

MeasuresPre-treatment mean (SD)Post-treatment mean (SD)T (df)PaEffect sizeb
Parent report     
 SCARED33.28 (11.21)26.00 (10.45)8.00 (97)< .001.67
 SCAS35.23 (13.35)28.68 (11.71)6.10 (99)< .001.52
BASC-2 (T scores)     
 Externalizing59.13 (12.04)56.19 (11.01)3.98 (85)< .001.24
 Internalizing65.36 (12.23)59.26 (11.63)6.20 (87)< .001.51
 BSI70.31 (10.19)66.13 (10.03)5.98 (87)< .001.41
Parent questionnaire     
 Effective3.59 (1.19)5.02 (1.33)-8.82 (92)< .001− 1.14
 Avoidance2.79 (1.24)2.20 (1.20)3.98 (89)< .001.48
 Interference5.13 (1.46)4.28 (1.45)5.71 (92)< .001.59
 Family impact5.27 (1.81)4.28 (1.91)4.66 (92)< .001.53
Child report     
 SCARED24.84 (12.18)20.17 (13.35)4.42 (96)< .001.36
 SCAS29.83 (13.56)24.52 (15.17)3.77 (102)< .001.37
Child questionnaire     
 Amount of worry3.60 (2.06)3.49 (1.89).55 (97).58.05
 Interference/distress3.56 (2.45)3.29 (2.13)1.19 (97).24.12
  1. Note. SCARED Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, total score, SCAS Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale, total score, BASC-2 Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition
  2. aSignificance based on corrected p values
  3. bEffect size used modified Cohen’s D to correct for correlation between dependent variables [d = t(2(1-r)/n)1/2] [48]