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Table 1 Group demographic and clinical characteristics

From: The relationship of autistic traits to taste and olfactory processing in anorexia nervosa

 HC mean (SD) (n = 40)AN mean (SD) (n = 40)Test statisticpEffect size (d (95% CI))
Age (years)26.45 (7.55)26.65 (8.60)t(78) = − 0.330.741− 0.07 (− 0.51-0.36)
Gendern = 38 female (95.00%)
n = 2 male (5.00%)
n = 38 female (95.00%)
n = 2 male (5.00%)
 1.00 
BMI*22.5 (4.3)15.75 (1.22)U = 0≤ 0.0012.92 (2.27-3.55)
Smoking (% never smoked)n = 30 (75.00%)n = 30 (75.00%) 1.00 
Psychiatric medication (% currently taking)n = 0 (0.00%)n = 25 (62.50%) ≤ 0.001 
EDE-Q global*0.58 (0.9) n = 394.05 (1.79) n = 39U = 74≤ 0.001− 2.90 (− 3.54-2.26).
AQ12.48 (6.74)23.55 (10.26)t (78) = − 5.71≤ 0.001− 1.28 (− 1.75-0.79)
HADS depression*2 (4) n = 399 (5) n = 39)U = 174.5≤ 0.001− 1.79 (− 2.32-1.26).
HADS anxiety6.08 (3.80) n = 3913.00 (4.63) n = 39t (76) = − 7.21≤ 0.001− 1.63 (− 2.14-1.12)
  1. *Indicates non-normally distributed data. Medians and interquartile ranges presented instead of means/standard deviations (SD). Effect sizes presented with 95% confidence intervals (CI)