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Table 6 Odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals for ASD according to elements in amniotic fluid

From: Autism spectrum disorders, endocrine disrupting compounds, and heavy metals in amniotic fluid: a case-control study

  Crude Adjusteda  
n (cases/controls) OR (95% CI) p n (cases/controls) OR (95% CI) p FDR (qvalue)
Fe (μg/L) 37/51 0.999 (0.996, 1.001) 0.255 37/50 0.999 (0.997, 1.001) 0.449 0.677
Cu (μg/L) 37/51 0.991 (0.978, 1.005) 0.211 37/50 0.997 (0.981, 1.012) 0.685 0.771
Zn (μg/L) 37/51 0.999 (0.996, 1.002) 0.673 37/50 0.999 (0.995, 1.002) 0.491 0.698
Se (μg/L) 37/51 0.977 (0.649, 1.469) 0.910 37/50 1.058 (0.644, 1.740) 0.823 0.823
I (μg/L) 37/51 0.996 (0.978, 1.014) 0.674 37/50 0.981 (0.959, 1.003) 0.087 0.437
Cr (μg/L) 37/51 1.019 (0.403, 2.576) 0.968 37/50 0.377 (0.051, 2.764) 0.337 0.650
Mn (μg/L) 37/51 1.106 (0.878, 1.394) 0.393 37/50 1.065 (0.841, 1.347) 0.602 0.771
As (μg/L) 37/51 1.257 (0.856, 1.846) 0.244 37/50 1.496 (0.924, 2.424) 0.101 0.437
Cd (μg/L) 37/51 4.418 (0.099, 197) 0.444 37/50 5.935 (0.101, 349.3) 0.392 0.662
Pb (μg/L) 37/51 1.086 (0.615, 1.918) 0.776 37/50 1.300 (0.657, 2.575) 0.451 0.677
  1. FDR (qvalue) false discovery rate
  2. aAdjusted for children’s birth year, children’s sex, mother age at delivery, father age at child birth, birth weight, gestational age at birth, gestational week at sampling, Apgar score, parity, and congenital malformation