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Table 1 Participant demographics

From: Initial action output and feedback-guided motor behaviors in autism spectrum disorder

  TOTAL UIC UTSW
  Control ASD Control ASD Control ASD
Gripping (Force test)
 N 74 (20 F) 76 (11 F) 41 (10 F) 33 (6 F) 33 (10 F) 43 (5 F)
 Age 13.8 (6.9) 12.2 (5.3) 14.3 (6.0) 14.6 (5.7) 13.0 (7.9) 10.3 (4.0)
 Handedness (R/L) 66/5 61/14 39/2 30/3 30/3 32/11
 Verbal IQ 111 (16) 96 (18)* 110 (19) 99 (19) 113 (10) 92 (15)
 Nonverbal IQ 107 (15) 100 (18)* 105 (14) 99 (18) 108 (15) 100 (17)
 ADOS CSS 7.05 (1.87) 6.80 (2.00) 7.26 (1.75)
Gripping (Gain test)
 N 59 (14 F) 45 (7 F) 40 (10 F) 33 (6 F) 19 (5 F) 12 (2 F)
 Age 13.0 (6.6) 13.2 (5.7) 14.7 (6.1) 14.8 (5.7) 9.9 (6.5) 9.1 (3.3)
 Handedness (R/L) 50/5 37/6 37/3 30/3 16/3 9/3
 Verbal IQ 111 (17) 98 (19)* 110 (19) 100 (20) 113 (12) 86 (14)
 Nonverbal IQ 106 (16) 100 (19) 105 (15) 100 (18) 107 (19) 101 (23)
 ADOS CSS 6.81 (1.85) 6.65 (2.02) 7.25 (1.21)
Eye movement (VGS test)
 N 82 (19 F) 88 (14 F) 55 (13 F) 61 (12 F) 27 (7 F) 27 (3 F)
 Age 14.8 (6.8) 12.8 (5.1)* 14.9 (6.3) 13.6 (5.2) 14.5 (7.8) 11.1 (4.2)
 Handedness (R/L) 75/4 74/12 50/3 56/4 25/1 18/8
 Verbal IQ 110 (13) 97 (18)* 109 (16) 99 (18) 114 (11) 92 (18)
 Nonverbal IQ 106 (13.5) 101 (18)* 104 (12.6) 101 (18) 110 (15) 100 (19)
 ADOS CSS 6.88 (2.09) 6.84 (2.21) 7.00 (1.78)
Grip + VGS tests
 N 45 (13 F) 48 (9 F) 25 (6 F) 25 (6 F) 20 (7 F) 23 (3 F)
 Age 15.0 (6.9) 13.3 (5.3) 15.5 (6.1) 15.0 (5.6) 14.5 (7.8) 11.3 (4.1)
  1. ASD autism spectrum disorder, F female, ADOS Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, CSS Calibrated Severity Score, MVC maximum voluntary contraction, VGS visually-guided saccade; Mean(SD). *group differences at p < .05