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Table 4 The effect of lifestyle factors on risk of cardiovascular and diabetic outcomes between autistic and non-autistic adults, stratified by sex

From: An investigation of the diet, exercise, sleep, BMI, and health outcomes of autistic adults

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Unadjusted Adjusting for potential confounders† Adjusting for potential confounders and family history†† Adjusting for potential confounders and lifestyle factors†††
OR
(95% CI)
FDR
(Sig.)
OR
(95% CI)
FDR
(Sig.)
OR
(95% CI)
FDR
(Sig.)
OR
(95% CI)
FDR
(Sig.)
Female cardiovascular conditions 1.291
(1.142, 1.459)
4.88 × 10–5
(***)
1.442
(1.070, 1.943)
0.033
(*)
1.444
(1.067, 1.954)
0.034
(*)
1.438
(1.037, 1.995)
0.059
( ▲)
Male cardiovascular conditions 1.407
(1.207, 1.641)
1.69 × 10–5
(***)
1.525
(1.024, 2.270)
0.050
()
1.506
(1.010, 2.245)
0.059
()
1.413
(0.913, 2.188)
0.161
Female
Diabetic
Conditions
1.526
(1.274, 1.830)
1.01 × 10–5
(***)
1.948
(1.261, 3.008)
0.011
(*)
1.870
(1.206, 2.898)
0.021
(*)
2.315
(1.419, 3.778)
3.18 × 10–3
(**)
Male
Diabetic
Conditions
1.671
(1.271, 2.207)
1.39 × 10–4
(***)
1.663
(0.852, 2.243)
0.136 1.678
(0.859, 3.278)
0.130 1.537
(0.723, 3.267)
0.264
  1. Significance level: *** (p < 0.001), ** (p < 0.01), * (p < 0.05), ▲ (p < 0.10)
  2. OR = odds ratio; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; FDR = false discovery rate; Sig. = significance level
  3. Binomial logistic regression adjusting for age, ethnicity, education level, country of residence, current alcohol use, and past smoking frequency
  4. †† Binomial logistic regression adjusting for age, ethnicity, education level, country of residence, current alcohol use, past smoking frequency, and binary measure of family history
  5. ††† Binomial logistic regression adjusting for age, ethnicity, education level, country of residence, current alcohol use, past smoking frequency, exercise frequency, exercise duration, sleep duration, meeting fruit and vegetable goals, eating high calorie foods, drinking high sugar beverages, meeting water goals, drinking caffeinated beverages, sleep disturbance (yes/no), and dietary restriction (yes/no)