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Table 3: Differences in the likelihood of being classified as underweight, overweight, or obese among autistic and non-autistic adults

From: An investigation of the diet, exercise, sleep, BMI, and health outcomes of autistic adults

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Unadjusted Adjusted for potential confounders† Adjusted for confounders and lifestyle factors††
OR (95% CI) FDR
(Sig.)
OR (95% CI) FDR
(Sig.)
OR (95% CI) FDR
(Sig.)
Underweight 2.212 (1.445, 3.441) 1.45 × 10–4
(***)
2.308 (1.493, 3.568) 3.40 × 10–4
(***)
2.050 (1.309, 3.210) 3.46 × 10–3
(**)
Normal Range 0.624 (0.528, 0.737) 6.46 × 10–8
(***)
0.644 (0.542, 0.765) 2.28 × 10–6
(***)
0.676 (0.565, 0.809) 8.29 × 10–5
(***)
Overweight 1.070 (0.886, 1.293) 0.480 1.095 (0.901, 1.331) 0.361 1.081 (0.883, 1.324) 0.448
Obese 1.472 (1.210, 1.792) 1.45 × 10–4
(***)
1.376 (1.126, 1.682) 2.43 × 10–3
(**)
1.335 (1.079, 1.651) 0.011
(*)
  1. Significance level: *** (p < 0.001), ** (p < 0.01), * (p < 0.05), ▲ (p < 0.10)
  2. OR = odds ratio; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; FDR = false discovery rate; Sig. = significance level
  3. Binomial logistic regression adjusting for sex, age, ethnicity, education level, country of residence, current alcohol use, and past smoking frequency
  4. †† Binomial logistic regression adjusting for sex, age, ethnicity, education level, country of residence, current alcohol use, past smoking frequency, exercise frequency, exercise duration, sleep duration, meeting fruit and vegetable goals, eating high calorie foods, drinking high sugar beverages, meeting water goals, drinking caffeinated beverages, sleep disturbance (yes/no), and dietary restriction (yes/no)