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Table 4 Mean scores per group regarding the impact of the pandemic on topics related to the DSM criteria of Autism Spectrum Disorder

From: The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults with autism: a survey study across three countries

  Autism
M (SD)
Non-autism
M (SD)
Social contact (domain I)   
To what extent did the COVID-19 pandemic change your social life? 3.16 (1.41) 3.91 (1.17)
Due to the effects of the COVID-19 regulations on my everyday life, I feel socially isolated 2.59 (1.48) 2.89 (1.28)
Due to the effects of the COVID-19 regulations on my everyday life, I feel relieved from social stress 3.43 (1.43) 2.67 (1.30)
Routines (domain II)   
To what extent do you feel you have/had to adjust your daily routines due to the COVID-19 pandemic? 3.49 (1.27) 3.90 (1.08)
Due to the effects of the COVID-19 regulations on my everyday life, I feel stressed about changes to my daily routines 3.31 (1.39) 2.58 (1.24)
Due to the effects of the COVID-19 regulations on my everyday life, I enjoy the freedom to deviate from society’s expectations and to adjust my routines to my personal preference 3.46 (1.39) 3.16 (1.30)
  1. Autism group: n = 613, non-autism group: n = 431; Questions were rated on a five-point scale going from 1 (‘Not at all’) to 5 (‘Very much so’)