Skip to main content

Table 10 Sample characteristics per group: COVID-19 pandemic specific and social situation during the pandemic

From: The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults with autism: a survey study across three countries

  Autism
M (SD)/n (%)
Non-autism
M (SD)/n (%)
Have you had COVID-19?a   
 Yes 2 (0.3%) 5 (1.2%)
 Not formally diagnosed but I suspect to have (had) COVID-19 107 (17.5%) 74 (17.2%)
 No 504 (82.2%) 352 (81.7%)
How much time on average do you spend actively looking up/ reading about COVID-19-related information every day?   
 < 1 h 316 (51.5%) 254 (58.9%)
 1–2 h 223 (36.4%) 148 (34.3%)
 3-4hours 50 (8.2%) 22 (5.1%)
 ≥ 5 h 24 (3.9%) 7 (1.6%)
How much time on average do you spend going over COVID-19-related information in your mind every day?   
 < 1 h 218 (35.6%) 173 (40.1%)
 1–2 h 191 (31.2%) 168 (39.0%)
 3–4 h 124 (20.2%) 62 (14.4%)
 ≥ 5 h 80 (13.1%) 28 (6.5%)
How would you rate your knowledge level on the COVID-19 virus and situation?b 3.77 (0.92) 3.57 (0.86)
Are you following the recommendations from national authorities to prevent spread of COVID-19?c 4.56 (0.73) 4.59 (0.67)
In the past 7 days how many days have you:   
 Been self-isolating (not leaving the house) 3.49 (2.64) 3.15 (2.59)
 Been outside for 15 min or longer 3.88 (2.51) 4.32 (2.40)
 Been outside to meet someone for 15 min or longer 0.80 (1.66) 0.75 (1.45)
 Had face-to-face contact with someone I live with for 15 min or longer 4.46 (3.26) 5.50 (2.75)
 Had face-to-face contact with another person for 15 min or longer
(excluding someone you live with)
1.18 (1.96) 1.19 (1.80)
 Had a phone or video call with another person for 15 min or longer 2.72 (2.29) 3.81 (2.24)
Usually in life, how often do you meet up with people face to face socially?   
 Every day 40 (6.5%) 74 (17.2%)
 Three or more times a week 123 (20.1%) 150 (34.8%)
 Once or twice a week 211 (34.4%) 140 (32.5%)
 Once or twice a month 132 (21.5%) 47 (10.9%)
 Less than once a month 107 (17.5%) 20 (4.6%)
What is your living situation?   
 Living alone 180 (29.4%) 53 (12.3%)
 Living with partner and/or child(ren) 291 (47.5%) 270 (62.6%)
 Living with parents 116 (18.9%) 64 (14.8%)
 Living with flatmates 22 (3.6%) 44 (10.2%)
 Assisted living facility 4 (0.7%) 0 (0.0%)
How many adults are living with you in the household? (Note: do not count yourself) 1.17 (1.13) 1.42 (1.03)
How many children are living with you in the household? 0.52 (0.96) 0.53 (0.93)
Do you have any pets? (% yes) 348 (56.8%) 209 (48.5%)
  1. Autism group: n = 613, non-autism group: n = 431;
  2. aWe did not exclude participants on the basis of their response to this question, as all pandemic experiences were considered equally valuable
  3. bQuestion was rated on a 5 point scale going from 1 (‘very poor knowledge’) to 5 (‘very good knowledge’)
  4. cQuestion was rated on a 5 point scale going from 1 (‘not at all’) to 5 (‘very much so’)