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Table 3 Baseline and post-intervention scores obtained on measures of social anxiety and social functioning, statistical analysis and effect sizes on primary outcome measures

From: Modified CBT for social anxiety and social functioning in young adults with autism spectrum disorder

Variable Pre-group mean (SD) Post-group mean (SD) Mean change (SD) t (df) p Cohen’s d
LSAS-SR (total) 79.78 (27.36) 70.17 (31.04) 9.61 (20.41) t(77) = 4.05  < .001 0.33
LSAS-SR (fear) 42.17 (14.81) 36.87 (15.77) 5.3 (11.1) t(77) = 4.03  < .001 0.35
LSAS-SR (avoidance) 37.62 (13.74) 33.31 (16.41) 4.31 (10.83) t(77) = 3.62 .003 0.28
SIAS-total 45.51 (14.09) 40.86 (14.64) 4.6 (11.71) t(75) = 3.31 .002 0.32
SPS-total 31.41(19.06) 28.26 (17.46) 3.15 (13.53) t(74) = 1.76 .056 0.17
SRS-total 70.62 (9.7) 68.95 (9.3) 1.67 (8.75) t(73) = 1.63 .103 0.18
SRS-awareness 60.41 (9.3) 62.33 (9.1)  − 1.91 (11.08) t(73) =  − 1.46 .145  − 0.21
SRS-cognition 65.5 (10.47) 64.96 (9.48) 0.54 (11.28) t(73) = 0.41 .683 0.05
SRS-communication 70.54 (9.75) 69.02 (10.02) 1.52 (9.60) t(73) = 1.34 .181 0.15
SRS-motivation 70 (9.26) 67.15 (8.38) 2.85 (9.23) t(73) = 2.66 .008 0.32
SRS-SCI 69.23 (9.43) 67.78 (8.97) 1.44 (10.72) t(73) = 1.09 .278 0.16
SRS-RRB 71.14 (11.19) 68.31 (11.73) 2.83 (9.48) t(73) = 2.5 .013 0.25
  1. LSAS-SR = Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale-Self Report; SIAS = Social Interaction Anxiety Scale; SPS = Social Phobia Scale; SRS-2 = Social Responsiveness Scale 2nd Edition; SRS-SCI = Social Responsiveness Scale-Social Communication and Interaction; SRS-RRB = Social Responsiveness Scale-Restricted Interests and Repetitive Behaviour