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Table 2 Baseline demographics and mean questionnaire results overall, between completers and non-completers

From: Modified CBT for social anxiety and social functioning in young adults with autism spectrum disorder

Variable Complete sample
(n = 78)
Intervention completers
(n = 69)
Post-questionnaire non-completers
(n = 9)
Significance test
Demographics M (SD) M (SD) Range M (SD) Range p value
Age 22.77 (5.31) 22.30 (4.7) 16–33 26.33 (8.17) 18–38 .147
WTAR (FSIQ estimate) 106.32 (11.66) 106.23 (11.89) 73–129 107 (10.25) 83–119 .854
ADOS-2 total score 10.16 (2.91) 10.16 (2.89) 7–17 10.11 (3.22) 7–18 .956
Gender N (%) N (%)   N (%)   
Male 47 39   8   
Female 30 29   1   
Other 1 1   0   
Social anxiety M (SD) M (SD) Range M (SD) Range p value
LSAS-SR total 79.78 (27.36) 82.20 (23.93) 22–135 61.22 (22.1) 31–102 .013
LSAS-SR fear 42.17 (14.81) 43.37 (12.49) 12–69 33 (14.78) 11–57 .022
LSAS-SR avoidance 37.62 (13.74) 38.84 (12.35) 10–66 28.22 (8.21) 20–45 .001
SIAS total 45.51 (14.09) 46.01 (14.61) 17–80 41.78 (13.86) 18–57 .412
SPS total 31.41 (19.06) 32.45 (18.79) 2–70 23.78 (17.73) 2–49 .191
Social functioning M (SD) M (SD) Range M (SD) Range p value
SRS total 70.62 (9.7) 71.05 (11.23) 36–90 67.55 (9.33) 52–83 .374
SRS-awareness 60.41 (9.3) 60.42 (10.11) 32–81 60.44 (6.33) 49–69 .993
SRS-cognition 65.5 (10.47) 65.69 (11.42) 37–88 64.11 (7.83) 56–79 .688
SRS-communication 70.54 (9.75) 70.78 (11.52) 37–87 68.77 (10.8) 54–85 .622
SRS-motivation 70 (9.26) 70.49 (10.77) 37–89 66.44 (11.09) 51–79 .292
SRS-SCI 69.23 (9.43) 69.43 (11.02) 35–89 67.77 (9.16) 54–83 .668
SRS-RRB 71.14 (11.19) 71.93 (12.77) 40–90 65.33 (11.82) 45–82 .143
Mood and distress M (SD) M (SD) Range M (SD) Range p value
DASS-21-depression 20.29 (12.06) 20.81 (12.9) 0–42 16.44 (8.05) 0–24 .325
DASS-21-anxiety 16.05 (11.15) 16.51 (11.35) 0–42 12.67 (9.8) 0–30 .334
DASS-21-stress 22.87 (10.86) 23.37 (10.89) 0–42 19.11 (11.83) 0–42 .275
K10 27.69 (9.76) 28.05 (9.59) 0–50 25 (10.44) 10–47 .375
  1. WTAR (FSIQ estimate) = Wechsler’s Test of Adult Reading estimate of Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient; ADOS-2 = Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd Edition; LSAS-SR = Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale-Self Report; SIAS = Social Interaction Anxiety Scale; SPS = Social Phobia Scale; SRS-2 = Social Responsiveness Scale 2nd Edition t scores; SRS-SCI = Social Responsiveness Scale—Social Communication and Interaction; SRS-RRB = Social Responsiveness Scale—Restricted Interests and Repetitive Behaviour; DASS-21 = Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale—21 item; K10 = Kessler Psychological Distress Scale