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Table 3 Emotion production in TD children and children with ASD as a function of age, gender, group, order, modality, elicitation task, emotion and test site: results from the GLMM model

From: Children with autism spectrum disorder produce more ambiguous and less socially meaningful facial expressions: an experimental study using random forest classifiers

Variableß estimateStandard errorp
Age0.060.0370.084
Gender (boys vs. girls)− 0.0040.110.97
Order 2 vs. order 1− 0.070.150.64
Order 3 vs. order 1− 0.090.150.56
Order 4 vs. order 1− 0.050.150.76
Modality (visual vs. audio-visual)0.110.070.12
Elicitation task (on request vs. imitation)0.540.07< 0.001
Emotion (happiness vs. sadness)1.450.1< 0.001
Emotion (neutral vs. sadness)1.630.1< 0.001
Emotion (anger vs. sadness)0.860.09< 0.001
Site (Paris vs. Nice)− 0.320.120.009
Group (typical children vs. ASD)0.3630.1240.004