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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Cross-level analysis of molecular and neurobehavioral function in a prospective series of patients with germline heterozygous PTEN mutations with and without autism

  (1) Macro-ASD (2) PTEN no-ASD (3) PTEN-ASD F/Χ2 (p) 1 vs. 2 1 vs. 3 2 vs. 3
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)   d d d
N 20 16 25     
Age 13.9 (4.7) 9.3 (4.3) 9.5 (5.2) 5.71 (.005) 1.02 .88  − .04
Male (n, %) 17 (85%) 10 (63%) 20 (80%) 2.75 (.252) .54 .12  − .39
Race/ethnicity     15.72 (.108)  − .63  − .39 .24
White non-Hispanic 9 (45%) 12 (75%) 16 (64%)     
Hispanic 1 (5%) 0 (0%) 5 (20%)
Black 1 (5%) 0 (0%) 1 (4%)
Asian 4 (20%) 1 (6%) 0 (0%)
Other/unreported 5 (25%) 3 (19%) 3 (12%)
Head circumference (cm) 59.2 (3.0) 58.8 (1.9) 59.9 (2.8) 0.82 (.445) .16  − .14  − .32
Height (cm) 147.6 (18.8) 150.0 (18.1) 144.3 (17.8) 0.54 (.586)  − .13 .18 .32
Weight (kg) 50.1 (15.5) 40.7 (14.7) 48.3 (14.5) 1.90 (.160) .62 .12  − .52
Systolic BP 117.4 (14.9) 110.1 (14.0) 108.8 (13.5) 1.93 (.157) .50 .60 .09
Diastolic BP 71.6 (14.9) 64.1 (14.4) 65.7 (14.5) 1.32 (.275) .51 .40  − .11
Heart rate (bpm) 91.7 (14.4) 94.7 (13.8) 91.6 (13.5) 0.16 (.855)  − .21 .01 .23
Respiration (cycle/min) 18.4 (3.8) 19.5 (4.1) 20.4 (3.6) 2.68 (.081)  − .28  − .54  − .23
Temperature (°F) 98.1 (1.0) 98.0 (1.3) 97.8 (1.1) 0.96 (.388) .09 .29 .17
  1. Italicized Cohen’s d value indicates a significant group difference (p < .05). For qualitative variables, row proportion differences were used to calculate the effect size. For race/ethnicity effect size was calculated as white non-Hispanic vs. other race/ethnicities