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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: White matter alterations in autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in relation to sensory profile

Variable ASD (n = 105) ADHD (n = 55) TD (n = 58) F or χ2 statistic Post hoc test
Age, mean, SD, y 31.2 (7.1) 31.2 (8.8) 29.4 (6.7) F (2,215) = 1.2, η2 = 0.011, P = 0.31 NA
Male/female no 92/13 42/13 49/9 χ(2) = 3.41, η2 = 0.125, P = 0.18 NA
Handedness 76.8 (55.2) 75.5 (56.1) 87.4 (39.9) F (2,215) = 0.97, η2 = 0.009, P = 0.38 NA
Head motion 1.06 (0.10) 1.05 (0.10) 1.07 (0.10) F (2,215) = 0.42, η2 = 0.004, P = 0.66 NA
IQ
Full 106.8 (14.8) 106.3 (12.5) 107.7 (7.7) F (2,204) = 0.15, η2 = 0.001, P = 0.86 NA
Verbal 110.8 (15.0) 108.7 (14.1)   F (1,147) = 0.59, η2 = 0.004, P = 0.45 NA
Performance 100.1 (16.3) 102.0 (13.8)   F (1,147) = 0.45, η2 = 0.003, P = 0.50 NA
AQ 34.3 (6.0) 30.3 (8.5) 16.2 (5.8) F (2,189) = 148.3, η2 = 0.611, P < 0.001 ASD > ADHD > TD
CAARS
Inattentive symptoms 64.1 (14.3) 74.2 (12.4) 49.0 (8.3) F (2,152) = 26.0, η2 = 0.255, P < 0.001 ADHD > ASD > TD
Hyperactive impulsive symptoms 59.4 (14.8) 67.2 (15.5) 49.9 (9.6) F (2,152) = 10.3, η2 = 0.119, P < 0.001 ADHD > ASD > TD
ADHD symptoms total 63.4 (14.8) 72.9 (12.6) 49.4 (8.7) F (2,152) = 21.3, η2 = 0.219, P < 0.001 ADHD > ASD > TD
AASP
Low registration 36.9 (9.0) 39.1 (9.2) 28.3 (6.4) F (2,141) = 18.7, η2 = 0.210, P < 0.001 ADHD = ASD > TD
Sensation seeking 31.8 (6.3) 38.1 (7.2) 40.8 (7.6) F (2,141) = 22.6, η2 = 0.243, P < 0.001 ADHD = TD > ASD
Sensory sensitivity 39.1 (10.7) 41.8 (9.6) 32.9 (7.4) F (2,141) = 8.97, η2 = 0.113, P < 0.001 ADHD = ASD > TD
Sensation avoiding 39.7 (10.1) 41.3 (10.2) 32.4 (7.0) F (2,140) = 10.3, η2 = 0.129, P < 0.001 ADHD = ASD > TD