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Table 4 Group comparisons of strategy scores

From: Quantifying compensatory strategies in adults with and without diagnosed autism

 Diagnosed (n = 58)Non-diagnosed (n = 59) 
MSDRangeMSDRangeComparison
Overall score (max = 31)6.813.321–165.562.561–13t(115) = −2.29, p = .024, d = 0.42
Shallow compensation score (max = 10)2.761.790–81.811.210–5t(99.91) = −3.34, p = .001, d = 0.62
Deep compensation score (max = 9)1.621.450–51.291.020–4t(102.11) = −1.43, p = .16, d = 0.27
Masking score (max = 6)1.531.110–41.611.110–4t(115) = 0.37, p = .71, d = 0.07
Accommodation score (max = 6)0.900.850–30.850.930–3t(115) = − 0.30, p = .77, d = 0.06
  1. Greater scores index more self-reported strategies. Effect sizes are reported as Cohen’s d (0.2 = small, 0.5 = medium, 0.8 = large). Analyses were conducted using raw and standardised strategy scores (see the “Methods” section). A similar pattern of results was found; therefore, analyses using raw scores are reported (see Additional file 1 for analyses using standardised scores)