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Table 2 Participant characteristics of the Diagnosed and Non-diagnosed groups

From: Quantifying compensatory strategies in adults with and without diagnosed autism

 Diagnosed (n = 58)Non-diagnosed (n = 59)Comparison
MSDRangeMSDRange
Age35.8311.5318-7033.8814.8318–77t(115) = − 0.79, p = .43, d = 0.15
Age at diagnosis30.1413.843–70 
Highest education level (max = 7)4.662.080–74.681.781–7t(115) = 0.06, p = .95, d = 0.01
Autistic traits (max = 10)8.021.921–104.932.291–10t(115) = − 7.90, p < .001, d = 1.46
Sex (n male, n female)14, 448, 51χ2(1) = 2.14, p = .14, Φ = 0.14
Family member diagnosed with ASD (n yes, n no)19, 39-8, 51χ2(1) = 6.07, p = .014, Φ = 0.23
  1. Highest education level was used as a proxy IQ measure. Greater scores reflect higher education level/greater autistic traits/more strategies. Effect sizes are reported as Cohen’s d (0.2 = small, 0.5 = medium, 0.8 = large) or phi Φ (0.1 = small, 0.3 = medium, 0.5 = large)