Skip to main content

Table 7 T3 Demographic and behavioural characteristics for participants with and without self-restraint at T3

From: Persistence and predictors of self-injurious behaviour in autism: a ten-year prospective cohort study

  Individuals with self-restraint T3 (N = 29)Individuals without self-restraint T3 (N = 38)Chi-square/Mann-Whitney Up valueEffect size
GenderMale; percentage (N)79 (23)82 (31)N/Aa1.000 
AbilityPartially able/able; percentage (N)97 (28)97 (37)N/Aa1.000 
MobilityMobile; percentage (N)100 (29)95 (36)N/Aa.502 
SpeechVerbal; percentage (N)86 (25)95 (36)N/Aa.391 
Mood total scoreMedian (IQR)33 (11)38 (8)364.018*0.3
MoodMedian (IQR)19 (4)21 (4)348.010*0.3
Interest and pleasureMedian (IQR)14 (7)17 (6)384.034*0.3
Activity total scoreMedian (IQR)31 (29.5)17 (25)282< .001*0.4
ImpulsivityMedian (IQR)15 (12)10 (14)304.002*0.4
OveractivityMedian (IQR)13 (17.5)4 (11)293< .001*0.4
Repetitive behaviour total scoreMedian (IQR)21 (20)15 (18)389.040*0.3
Compulsive behaviourMedian (IQR)6 (9.5)6 (10)478.354 
Insistence on samenessMedian (IQR)4 (4)3 (5)396.047*0.2
Stereotyped behaviourMedian (IQR)7 (11)3 (7)402.055 
Autism phenomenology total scoreMedian (IQR)20 (10.5)16 (11)359.015*0.3
CommunicationMedian (IQR)7 (4.5)7 (4)411.074 
Social InteractionMedian (IQR)7 (6.5)5 (6)433.132 
  1. aFisher’s exact was calculated where 50% expected count < 5, *p < .05