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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of autistic mothers and non-autistic mothers

From: A comparative study of autistic and non-autistic women’s experience of motherhood

 AutisticNon-autisticp value
Age (years)42.7 ± 8.444.6 ± 9.10.041
Sex (%)
 Female352 (99%)132 (100%)0.947
 Male2 (<1%)-
Gender (%)
 Female339 (95%)129 (98%)0.018
 Male2 (<1%)3 (2%)
 Other14 (4%)-
Education
 Some secondary/high school20(6%)9 (7%)0.011
 Completed secondary/high school55 (15%)25 (19%)
 Completed some of an undergraduate degree71 (20%)10 (8%)
 Completed an undergraduate degree102 (28%)35 (26%)
 Completed a postgraduate/graduate degree107 (30%)53 (40%)
Marital status
 Single36 (10%)12 (9%)0.033
 Married202 (57%)88 (67%)
 Civil partnership9 (2.5%)1 (<1%)
 Divorced44 (12%)3 (2%)
 Widowed4 (1%)2 (1.5%)
 Separated28 (8%)9 (7%)
 Long-term partner29 (8%)16 (12%)
 Other3 (<1%)1 (<1%)
Living with current partner (if applicable)
 Yes240 (99%)103 (98%)1
 No3 (1%)2 (2%)
Does partner have autism? (if applicable)
 Diagnosed16 (6%)2 (2%)0.089
 Suspected75 (31%)27 (26%)
 No152 (63%)76 (72%)
Single parenthood
 Currently a single parent98 (28%)23 (17%)0.003
 Have been a single parent in the past79 (22%)20 (15%)
 Never have been a single parent178 (50%)89 (67%)
Age at first birth (years)27.7 ± 6.029.5 ± 6.00.002
Number of children (median)2.42.40.701
Age of first child (years)15.2 ± 8.515.3 ± 8.90.891
Average age of all children (years)12.9 ± 8.012.9 ± 7.50.932
Country (top 5 shown)
 United Kingdom173 (48%)75 (57%)0.314
 United States80 (22.5%)23 (17%) 
 Australia45 (13%)23 (17%) 
 France11 (3%)4 (3%) 
 Canada12 (3%)2 (1.5%) 
 Proportion accounted for by top 5 countries321 (89.5%)127 (94.5%)