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Table 1 Characteristics of parents in three cities

From: Autism prevalence in China is comparable to Western prevalence

Characteristics Category Shenzhen City Jiamusi City Jilin City
Number (%) Number (%) Category Number (%)
Mother’s education Junior high school 6980 33.6 6413 41.5 Junior high school 1522 23.7
High school 8316 40.0 5211 33.7 High school 2009 31.3
College 4872 23.4 3373 21.8 College 2061 32.1
Graduate school 154 0.7 252 1.6 Graduate 276 4.3
Missing 479 2.3 219 1.4 Missing 552 8.6
Father’s education Junior high school 4951 23.8 6092 39.4 Junior high school 1104 17.2
High school 8208 39.5 5337 34.5 High school 1900 29.6
College 6604 31.8 3445 22.3 College 2408 37.5
Graduate school 374 1.8 310 2.0 Master or higher 372 5.8
Missing 665 3.2 284 1.8 Missing 636 9.9
Mother’s occupation Government officer 89 0.4 438 2.8 Worker or farmer 1682 26.2
Company clerk 6173 29.7 1858 12.0 Clerk 1438 22.4
      Technical staff 1393 21.7
Industry 1475 7.1 1806 11.7 Manager 161 2.5
Self-employed 5461 26.3 4655 30.1 Own-business 995 15.5
Worker 1578 7.6 1354 8.6 Missing 751 11.7
Student 32 0.2 7 0.1    
Farmer 937 4.5 2032 13.1    
Unemployed 4002 24.1 3109 20.1    
Missing 55 0.3 209 1.4    
Father’s occupation Government officer 293 1.4 782 5.1 Worker or farmer 1367 21.3
Company clerk 7518 36.1 1628 10.5 Clerk 1830 28.5
Industry 1836 8.8 1634 10.6 Technical staff 1284 20.0
Self-employed 7617 36.6 5022 32.5 Manager 276 4.3
Worker 1690 8.1 2771 17.9 Own-business 1021 15.9
      Missing 642 10.0
Student 10 0.1 5 0.0    
Farmer 588 2.8 2071 13.4    
Unemployed 1199 5.8 1305 8.4    
Missing 51 0.3 250 1.6    
Mother’s age ≤ 24 61 0.3 36 0.2    
25–30 2552 12.3 1981 12.8    
31–34 11,921 57.3 8603 55.6    
35–40 4816 23.2 945 6.1    
≥ 40 410 2.0 2 0.0    
Missing 1042 5.0 3901 25.2    
Father’s age ≤ 24 32 0.2 25 0.2    
25–30 677 3.3 769 5.0    
31–34 10,468 50.3 10,229 66.1    
35–40 7577 36.4 1589 10.3    
≥ 40 985 4.7 2 0.0    
Missing 1063 5.1 3854 18.5    
Income ≤ 1999 829 4.0 2699 17.5    
2000–3999 3355 16.1 5252 34.0    
4000–5999 3836 18.4 3880 25.1    
6000–7999 3050 14.7 1704 11.0    
8000–9999 2389 11.5 569 3.7    
≥ 10,000 5399 26.0 569 3.7    
Missing 1944 9.4 795 5.1