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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Risk markers for suicidality in autistic adults

Variables Group
GP male (n = 54) GP female (n = 115) ASC male (n = 65) ASC female (n = 99)
Mean (SD)/n (%)
Age 39.11 (10.09) 41.48 (11.18) 41.52 (11.73) 38.89 (10.47)
AQ total score 22.96 (8.56) 18.43 (7.12) 35.38 (7.5) 37.1(8.33)
Age diagnosed with ASC 34.55 (14.75) 35.06 (11.83)
% Lifetime ‘camouflage’ 58 (89.2) 90 (90.9)
Camouflage total score 12.9 (4.06) 14.7 (3.61)
% Non-suicidal self-injury 18 (33.3) 32 (28.1) 35 (53.8) 71 (74)
Suicidality
 SBQ-R total score 7.48 (3.7) 6.36 (3.08) 10.14 (3.99) 10.56 (3.98)
 % ≥ general population cut off 27 (50) 49 (42.6) 52 (80) 79 (79.8)
 % ≥ psychiatric population cut-off 22 (40.7) 35 (30.4) 45 (69.2) 73 (73.7)
 % Lifetime suicide attempt 7 (13) 7 (6.1) 21 (32.3) 42 (42.4)
ASC subtype
 HFA/AS 51 (78.5) 85 (85.9)
 Autism/classic autism 0 0) 2 (2)
 ASC 7 (10.8) 7 (6.9)
 PDD/PDD-NOS 1 (1.5) 1 (1)
 Other 6 (9.2) 4 (4)
Education type
 Mainstream 53 (98.1) 113 (98.3) 59 (98.1) 88 (88.9)
 Home 1 (1.9) 2 (1.7) 1 (1.5) 2 (2)
 Special 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (4.6) 4 (4)
 Private/boarding 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (3.1) 5 (5.1)
Support
 Need/receive support 16 (29.6) 36 (31.3) 51 (78.5) 75 (76.5)
 Unmet support needs* 2.12 (1.78) 1.3 (1.47) 3.1 (2.44) 3.43 (2.25)
Treatment
 Current treatment (total) 28 (51.9) 60 (53.1) 51 (78.5) 77 (77.8)
 For mental health 27 (93.1) 51 (76.1) 44 (77.2) 71 (76.3)
 For suicidal thoughts 9 (31) 8 (11.9) 14 (24.6) 25 (26.9)
 For self-injury 3 (10.3) 2 (3) 4 (7) 9 (9.7)
 Other 2 (6.9) 6 (9) 8 (14) 14 (14)
Living arrangements
 Living independently 15 (27.8) 26 (22.6) 18 (27.7) 30 (30.3)
 Living with parents 5 (9.3) 5 (4.3) 15 (23.1) 15 (15.2)
 Living with flatmate(s) 4 (7.4) 8 (7) 2 (3.1) 3 (3)
 Live with friend(s) 0 (0) 3 (2.6) 1 (1.5) 0 (0)
 Living with a partner and/or dependent(s) 29 (53.7) 71 (61.7) 21 (32.3) 44 (44.4)
 Living in supported accommodation 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (3.1) 1 (1)
 Living with a carer 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1.5) 1 (1)
 Other 1 (1.9) 2 (1.7) 5 (7.7) 5 (5.1)
Occupational status
 Employed 41 (75.9) 94 (81.7) 30 (46.2) 51 (51.5)
 Volunteering 2 (3.7) 6 (5.2) 3 (4.6) 9 (9.1)
 Student 5 (9.3) 6 (5.2) 6 (9.2) 15 (15.2)
 Unemployed/unable to work 4 (7.4) 9 (7.8) 25 (38.5) 22 (22.2)
 Retired 2 (33.3) 0 (0) 1 (1.5) 2 (2)
Mental health or other condition
 ≥1 mental health or other condition 29 (53.7) 66 (57.4) 51 (78.5) 92 (92.9)
 Current medication for mental health condition 10 (34.5) 26 (39.4) 26 (51) 56 (60.9)
 Depression 25 (46.3) 51 (44.3) 47 (72.3) 84 (84.8)
 Anxiety 19 (35.2) 42 (36.5) 40 (61.5) 77 (77.8)
 Obsessive compulsive disorder 0 (0) 3 (2.6) 7 (10.8) 17 (17.2)
 Bipolar disorder 1 (1.9) 2 (1.7) 2 (1.7) 6 (3.7)
 Personality disorder 1 (1.9) 4 (3.5) 5 (7.7) 18 (18.2)
 Schizophrenia 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (3.1) 4 (4)
 Anorexia nervosa 0 (0) 4 (3.5) 1 (1.5) 8 (8.1)
 Bulimia 0 (0) 1 (0.9) 0 (0) 2 (2)
 Myalgic encephalopathy 0 (0) 3 (2.6) 3 (4.6) 10 (10.1)
 Tourettes 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (3.1) 2 (2)
 Epilepsy 1 (1.9) 4 (3.5) 1 (1.5) 4 (4)
 Other 4 (7.4) 4 (3.5) 10 (15.4) 21 (21.2)
Developmental condition
 ≥1 developmental condition 2 (3.7) 1 (0.9) 15 (23.1) 22 (22.2)
 Dyspraxia 1 (1.9) 1 (0.9) 7 (3.9) 11 (11.1)
 Learning disability 1 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1.5) 0 (0)
 Learning difficulty 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (2)
 Dyscalculia 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (31) 1 (1)
 Dyslexia 2 (3.7) 0 (0) 5 (7.7) 8 (8.1)
 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (3.1) 9 (9.1)
 Developmental delay 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1)
 Other 0 (0) 1 (0.9) 2 (3.1) 4 (4)
  1. *NB, unmet support needs calculated by (total n areas support ideally liked—total n areas support actually received)