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Table 3 Statistics of four regression analyses showing the effects of gestural recognition skills on gestural learning via the mediation of spontaneous imitation among the children with ASD in the intervention group

From: Robot-based intervention may reduce delay in the production of intransitive gestures in Chinese-speaking preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder

Regression analyses β t R 2 ΔR2 F
Step 1 (N = 414)
 DV: gestural learning
  IV: gestural recognition skills .15 3.01** .02 .02** 9.08**
Step 2 (N = 402)
 DV: spontaneous imitation
  IV: gestural recognition skills .22 4.55*** .05 .05*** 20.70
Step 3 (N = 402)
 DV: gestural learning
  IV: spontaneous imitation .12 2.44* .02 .02* 5.97*
Step 4 (N = 402)
 DV: gestural learning
  Block 1 IV: gestural recognition skills .15 2.94** .02 .02** 8.65**
  Block 2 IVs: gestural recognition skills .13 2.47* .03 .01 6.06**
  Spontaneous imitation .09 1.85    
  1. Note: p < .1; *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001