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Table 2 Participant characteristics of ASD subgroups

From: The geometric preference subtype in ASD: identifying a consistent, early-emerging phenomenon through eye tracking

  ASD GeoPref subtype ASD SocPref subtype t test, corrected p Cohen’s d
Sex, M/F 13/1 15/2 n/a  
Age at eye tracking, months
Mean (SD) [range]
31.2 (9.2) [13.8–47.2] 28.7 (7.2) [16.4–45.4] .40 .30
MSELa age equivalent scores/true age
 Visual reception .76 (.17) .81 (.23) .50 .25
 Fine motor .76 (.19) .82 (.18) .41 .32
 Receptive language .46 (.25) .68 (.26) .03 .86
 Expressive language .53 (.26) .67 (.30) .19 .50
VABSb standard scores
 Communication 71.0 (16.0) 81.5 (16.0) .08 .66
 Daily living 80.9 (15.2) 84.1 (15.3) .57 .21
 Socialization 77.1 (12.7) 84.8 (14.4) .13 .57
 Motor skills 84.4 (10.7) 95.7 (15.0) .03 .87
 Composite score 75.6 (12.7) 84.2 (15.9) .11 .60
ADOSc module T, 1, or 2
 SAd 16.7 (3.2) 11.4 (4.1) < .001 1.4
 RRBe 4.2 (2.5) 3.1 (1.7) .15 .51
 Total score 20.9 (4.4) 14.5 (4.2) < .001 1.5
  1. aMullen Scales of Early Learning
  2. bVineland Adaptive Behavior Scales
  3. cAutism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
  4. dSocial affect
  5. eRestricted and repetitive behaviors