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Table 2 The longitudinal association of sleep problems with autistic traits and autism spectrum disorder

From: The bidirectional association between sleep problems and autism spectrum disorder: a population-based cohort study

  

Autistic traits* at 3 years

Autistic traits** at 6 years

ASD at 6 years

Sleep problems

 

B

95% CI

p

B

95% CI

p

OR

95% CI

p

1.5 years

 

Model 1

0.12

0.08–0.15

< 0.01

0.08

0.05–0.11

< 0.01

1.11

0. 87–1.42

0.41

 

Model 2

0.03

− 0.01–0.06

0.13

0.03

− 0.02–0.06

0.07

1.05

0. 81–1.35

0.73

3 years

 

Model 1

0.20

0. 17–0.23

< 0.01

0.07

0.04–0.10

< 0.05

1.11

0.86–1.43

0.43

 

Model 2

0.01

− 0.03–0.04

0.70

0.95

0.72–1.24

0.70

  1. Model 1 was adjusted for gender, ethnicity, gestational age, maternal education, and maternal psychopathology. Model 2 was additionally adjusted for prevalent autistic traits
  2. Abbreviations: ASD autism spectrum disorder, SRS Social Responsiveness Scale
  3. Because of the narrow distribution of the SRS, Bs are given in hundredth SRS points
  4. *Measured with PDP-scale CBCL
  5. **Measured with SRS score