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Table 1 Participant clinical characteristics

From: Cytokine levels and associations with symptom severity in male and female children with autism spectrum disorder

   Total Male Female
N   144 113 31
Age (years)
  Mean 8.16 7.96 9.53
SD 4.21 4.05 4.79
Range 2.08–18.25 2.83–18 2.25–18.25
BMI (kg/m2)
  Mean 18.34 16.74 21.12
SD 4.63 2.05 7.09
Range 12.26–46.96 13.50–21.74 13.45–46.96
Head circumference (cm)
  Mean 53.86 53.67 54.20
SD 3.01 2.21 3.46
Range 46–62 49.5–59 46–61
ADOS module
  Module 1 35 28 7
Module 2 58 49 9
Module 3 42 31 11
Module 4 9 6 3
Severity (ADOS comparison score)
  Median 6 6 6
Range 1–10 1–10 1–9
Severity of symptoms
  Mild/moderate 85 68 17
Severe 59 45 14
SRS
  Mean 88.18 86.43 97.27
SD 15.71 11.09 19.11
Range 44–126 64–106 44–126
Sleep scores
  Median 12.5 53 56
Range 1–31 46–78 46–72
GI symptoms
  Absent 85 65 20
Present 59 47 11
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, ADOS autism diagnostic observation schedule, SRS social responsiveness scale, GI gastrointestinal