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Table 2 Demographic and psychometric information for the autism spectrum disorder and control groups

From: Glutathione metabolism in the prefrontal brain of adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder: an MRS study

  ASD (n = 24) Controls (n = 18) Statistics
Age 40.54 ± 10.279 37.17 ± 10.983 p = 0.313
Intelligence quotient 114.29 ± 15.213 113.00 ± 13.920 p = 0.779
Gender 12 m:12 f 8 m:10 f p = 0.721
Nicotine 2.292 ± 5.894 2.222 ± 6.691 p = 0.972
Autism-spectrum quotient 39.08 ± 6.386 12.94 ± 5.504 p < 0.001
Empathy quotient 17.38 ± 9.523 47.94 ± 9.710 p < 0.001
Wender Utah Rating Scale 33.75 ± 16.690 8.72 ± 7.954 p < 0.001
Beck Depression Inventory score 17.25 ± 12.365 3.22 ± 4.236 p < 0.001
Level of education Low school degree, 1 (4.2%) Low school degree, 0 (0%)  
Medium school degree, 3 (12.5%) Medium school degree, 3 (16.7%)
High school degree, 9 (37.5%) High school degree, 6 (33.3%)
University degree, 9 (37.5%) University degree, 9 (50%)
Other, 2 (8.3%) Other, 0 (0%)
Occupational situation Full-time employed, 13 (54.2%) Full-time employed, 7 (38.9%)  
Part-time employment, 4 (16.7%) Part-time employment, 4 (22.2%)
In vocational training/studying, 1 (4.2%) In vocational training/studying, 7 (38.9%)
Pension, 1 (4.2%) Pension, 0 (0%)
Unemployed, 4 (16.7%) Unemployed, 0 (0%)
Other, 1 (4.2%) Other, 0 (0%)
Psychiatric medication (in the last 3 months) No, 11 No, 18  
AD, 6 AD, 0
NL, 1 NL, 0
AD + NL, 5 AD + NL, 0
AD + MPH, 1 AD + MPH, 0
  1. ASD autism spectrum disorder, IQ intelligence quotient, AD antidepressants, NL neuroleptics, MPH methylphenidate
  2. For references, see text