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Table 2 Testosterone (T), androstenedione (A4), and dehydroepiandrostenedione (DHEA) levels (nmol/L) in umbilical cord samples

From: Umbilical cord blood androgen levels and ASD-related phenotypes at 12 and 36 months in an enriched risk cohort study

Infant sexa Androgens % <LOQ Median IQR
Total (n = 137) T 11 0.44 0.12–0.64
A4 1 1.74 1.42–2.27
DHEA 14 6.93 4.72–10.89
Female (n = 62) T 19 0.33 0.21–0.48
A4 2 1.76 1.32–2.27
DHEA 8 8.75 5.99–11.58
Male (n = 75) T 4 0.61 0.40–0.79
A4 1 1.74 1.48–2.33
DHEA 19 5.85 4.12–9.64
  1. T: P < 0.0001, A4: P = 0.23, and DHEA: P < 0.001
  2. LOQ limit of quantification, IQR interquartile range
  3. aTest of sex difference of geometric mean using t test