Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary of learning performance across experiments

From: Social affiliation motives modulate spontaneous learning in Williams syndrome but not in autism

Experiment Learning source Learning function Learning performancea—M(SD) Group differences p value
ASD WS
1 Neutral model—live Social 19.09 (23.23) 29.86 (28.16) .01b
Playful model—live Social 23.61 (23.67) 46.52 (23.40)
2 Neutral model—video-recorded Social 35.00 (40.31) 52.63 (40.73) .61b
Playful model—video-recorded Social 42.85 (35.62) 64.37 (34.67)
3 Neutral model—video-recorded Instrumental 55.55 (32.23) 62.77 (33.87) .42c
4 Own trials and errors Instrumental 11.28 (28.46) 21.95 (21.55) .20c
  1. aLearning performance indicates average proportion of imitated actions in experiments 1, 2, and 3, and average improvement over time from first to last object presentation (expressed in a percentage score) in experiment 4
  2. b2 (group; ASD, WS) × 2 (condition; neutral, playful) ANOVA group × condition interaction
  3. cBetween-group t test