Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Descriptive statistics split by sex and risk group for the 14-month early markers (AOSI, gaze following, disengagement) and 3-year autistic trait measures (ADOS, SCQ)

From: Sex differences in the association between infant markers and later autistic traits

  AOSI GF Disengagement ADOS SCQ
14 months 14 months 14 months 3 years 3 years
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Low risk
 Overall 3.17 (3.25) 0.31 (0.14) 138.15 (105.81) 5.52 (4.33) 3.00 (2.40)
N = 48 N = 37 N = 46 N = 48 N = 48
 Males 3.59 (3.02) 0.27 (0.08) 148.34 (104.77) 6.41 (5.36) 2.88 (2.12)
N = 17 N = 10 N = 16 N = 17 N = 17
 Females 2.94 (3.40) 0.32 (0.16) 132.71 (107.73) 5.03 (3.65) 3.06 (2.57)
N = 31 N = 27 N = 30 N = 31 N = 31
High risk
 Overall 4.64 (4.47) 0.26 (0.10) 179.55 (152.91) 8.25 (5.34) 6.37 (7.12)
N = 53 N = 32 N = 52 N = 53 N = 52
 Males 5.19 (5.72) 0.25 (0.12) 196.91 (203.30) 9.24 (5.42) 6.00 (5.33)
N = 21 N = 13 N = 21 N = 21 N = 21
 Females 4.28 (3.48) 0.26 (0.08) 167.78 (108.81) 7.59 (5.26) 6.61 (8.20)
N = 32 N = 19 N = 31 N = 32 N = 31
ANOVA
 Risk group F = 3.26 F = 1.86 F = 2.36 F = 7.19** F = 8.75**
 Sex F = 0.92 F = 1.11 F = 0.77 F = 2.26 F = 0.12
 Risk*sex F = 0.03 F = 0.35 F = 0.05 F = 0.02 F = 0.04
  1. AOSI Autism Observation Scale for Infants, GF gaze following, disengagement overlap–baseline saccadic reaction time in gap-overlap task, ADOS Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule total social communication score, SCQ Social Communication Questionnaire
  2. **p < 0.01