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Table 1 Logistic regression analyses of children’s 2D:4D ratios: comparison of children scoring high and low on emotion recognition (DANVA)

From: Social communication and emotion difficulties and second to fourth digit ratio in a large community-based sample

  Minimally adjusted model OR (95 % CI)a Fully adjusted model OR (95 % CI)b
  2D:4D right 2D:4D left 2D:4D right 2D:4D left
DANVA   
 Happy faces (≥1 error) 1.01 (0.95, 1.03) 0.99 (0.97, 1.02) 1.01 (0.99, 1.03) 0.99 (0.97, 1.02)
 Sad faces (≥2 errors) 1.00 (0.98, 1.03) 1.03 (1.00, 1.05) 1.00 (0.98, 1.03) 1.03 (1.00, 1.05)
 Angry faces (≥4 errors) 1.01 (0.99, 1.04) 1.02 (0.98, 1.05) 1.02 (0.99, 1.04) 1.02 (0.99, 1.05)
 Fearful faces (≥3 errors) 0.99 (0.97, 1.03) 0.99 (0.96, 1.02) 1.00 (0.97, 1.03) 0.99 (0.97, 1.02)
 All low intensity faces (≥5 errors) 1.03 (1.00, 1.06)ns 1.01 (0.99, 1.04) 1.03 (1.00, 1.06)ns 1.02 (0.99, 1.04)
 All high intensity faces (≥3 errors) 1.01 (0.98, 1.03) 1.00 (0.97, 1.02) 1.01 (0.98, 1.03) 1.00 (0.97, 1.02)
 Misattributed as Happy (≥4) 0.99 (0.96, 1.02) 1.00 (0.97, 1.03) 0.99 (0.96, 1.02) 1.00 (0.97, 1.03)
 Misattributed as sad (≥ three) 1.01 (0.98, 1.04) 1.00 (0.96, 1.02) 1.01 (0.98, 1.04) 0.99 (0.96, 1.02)
 Misattributed as Angry (≥2) 1.01 (0.98, 1.05) 1.01 (0.98, 1.04) 1.01 (0.98, 1.05) 1.01 (0.98, 1.04)
 Misattributed as Fearful (≥2) 1.00 (0.98, 1.03) 1.00 (0.97, 1.02) 1.00 (0.98, 1.03) 1.00 (0.97, 1.02)
  1. Higher scores on SCDC represent more social communication problems. Lower scores in DANVA means a poorer performance in identifying emotions/more misattributions
  2. ns not significant after adjusting for multiple comparisons using the Bonferroni-Holm method
  3. aMinimally adjusted model: adjusted for child age, child gender, and tester
  4. bFully adjusted model: adjusted for child age, child gender, tester, maternal education, ethnic background and parity