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Table 5 Mean (and standard deviation) scores on each of the AQ subcategories in the parent groups

From: Defining the broader, medium and narrow autism phenotype among parents using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ)

  Communication Social skills Attention switching Imagination Attention to detail
ASC fathers 3.1 (2.4) 4.0 (2.9) 4.5 (2.6) 3.2 (2.3) 4.4 (2.3)
ASC mothers 2.6 (2.4) 3.1 (2.8) 4.0 (2.5) 2.4 (2.2) 4.4 (2.3)
Control fathers 2.6 (1.9) 3.1 (2.5) 4.2 (2.2) 3.1 (2.1) 4.7 (2.1)
Control mothers 1.7 (1.6) 1.9 (2.1) 3.1 (2.0) 1.8 (1.7) 4.7 (2.2)
F value for group main effect (and partial eta 2 ) 55.6** 91.8** 39.4** 18.4** 11.1*
  (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.006) (0.004)
F value for sex main effect (and partial eta 2 ) 58.6** 85.9** 71.0** 156.0** 0.01
  (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.05) (0.00)
F value for group x sex interaction (and partial eta 2 ) 3.6 2.1 9.2* 6.9 * 0.01
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.003) (0.002) (0.00)
  1. F values (and partial eta2) from the ANOVAs are presented.
  2. *P < 0.01, ** P < 0.001
  3. AQ, Autism Spectrum Quotient; ASC, autism spectrum condition