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  1. Short Report

    Possible sexually dimorphic role of miRNA and other sncRNA in ASD brain

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is sexually dimorphic in brain structure, genetics, and behaviors. In studies of brain tissue, the age of the population is clearly a factor in interpreting study outcome, yet se...

    Cynthia M. Schumann, Frank R. Sharp, Bradley P. Ander and Boryana Stamova

    Molecular Autism 2017 8:4

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  2. Research

    Umbilical cord blood androgen levels and ASD-related phenotypes at 12 and 36 months in an enriched risk cohort study

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects more than 1% of children in the USA. The male-to-female prevalence ratio of roughly 4:1 in ASD is a well-recognized but poorly understood phenomenon. An explicit focus on...

    Bo Y. Park, Brian K. Lee, Igor Burstyn, Loni P. Tabb, Jeff A. Keelan, Andrew J. O. Whitehouse, Lisa A. Croen, Margaret D. Fallin, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Owen Montgomery and Craig J. Newschaffer

    Molecular Autism 2017 8:3

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  3. Research

    d-Cycloserine enhances durability of social skills training in autism spectrum disorder

    d-Cycloserine (DCS) enhances extinction learning across species, but it has proven challenging to identify consistent benefit of DCS when added to therapeutic interventions. We conduct...

    Logan K. Wink, Noha F. Minshawi, Rebecca C. Shaffer, Martin H. Plawecki, David J. Posey, Paul S. Horn, Ryan Adams, Ernest V. Pedapati, Tori L. Schaefer, Christopher J. McDougle, Naomi B. Swiezy and Craig A. Erickson

    Molecular Autism 2017 8:2

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  4. Research

    Serum and cerebrospinal fluid immune mediators in children with autistic disorder: a longitudinal study

    The causes of autism likely involve genetic and environmental factors that influence neurobiological changes and the neurological and behavioral features of the disorder. Immune factors and inflammation are hy...

    Carlos A. Pardo, Cristan A. Farmer, Audrey Thurm, Fatma M. Shebl, Jorjetta Ilieva, Simran Kalra and Susan Swedo

    Molecular Autism 2017 8:1

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  5. Research

    Basic and complex emotion recognition in children with autism: cross-cultural findings

    Children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) have emotion recognition deficits when tested in different expression modalities (face, voice, body). However, these findings usually focus on basic emotions, usi...

    Shimrit Fridenson-Hayo, Steve Berggren, Amandine Lassalle, Shahar Tal, Delia Pigat, Sven Bölte, Simon Baron-Cohen and Ofer Golan

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:52

    Published on: 19 December 2016

  6. Research

    Placental methylome analysis from a prospective autism study

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorders that are behaviorally diagnosed in early childhood. Most ASD cases likely arise from a complex mixture of genetic and env...

    Diane I. Schroeder, Rebecca J. Schmidt, Florence K. Crary-Dooley, Cheryl K. Walker, Sally Ozonoff, Daniel J. Tancredi, Irva Hertz-Picciotto and Janine M. LaSalle

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:51

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  7. Research

    Bengali translation and characterisation of four cognitive and trait measures for autism spectrum conditions in India

    Autism is characterised by atypical social-communicative behaviour and restricted range of interests and repetitive behaviours. These features exist in a continuum in the general population. Behavioural measur...

    Alokananda Rudra, Jai Ranjan Ram, Tom Loucas, Matthew K. Belmonte and Bhismadev Chakrabarti

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:50

    Published on: 3 December 2016

  8. Research

    Blood–brain barrier and intestinal epithelial barrier alterations in autism spectrum disorders

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complex conditions whose pathogenesis may be attributed to gene–environment interactions. There are no definitive mechanisms explaining how environmental triggers can lead t...

    Maria Fiorentino, Anna Sapone, Stefania Senger, Stephanie S. Camhi, Sarah M. Kadzielski, Timothy M. Buie, Deanna L. Kelly, Nicola Cascella and Alessio Fasano

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:49

    Published on: 29 November 2016

  9. Research

    Dyspraxia and autistic traits in adults with and without autism spectrum conditions

    Autism spectrum conditions (ASC) are frequently associated with motor coordination difficulties. However, no studies have explored the prevalence of dyspraxia in a large sample of individuals with and without ...

    Sarah Cassidy, Penelope Hannant, Teresa Tavassoli, Carrie Allison, Paula Smith and Simon Baron-Cohen

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:48

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  10. Short report

    Mimetic desire in autism spectrum disorder

    Mimetic desire (MD), the spontaneous propensity to pursue goals that others pursue, is a case of social influence that is believed to shape preferences. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is defined by both atypic...

    Baudouin Forgeot d’Arc, Fabien Vinckier, Maël Lebreton, Isabelle Soulières, Laurent Mottron and Mathias Pessiglione

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:45

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  11. Research

    Altered functional organization within the insular cortex in adult males with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder: evidence from connectivity-based parcellation

    The insular cortex comprises multiple functionally differentiated sub-regions, each of which has different patterns of connectivity with other brain regions. Such diverse connectivity patterns are thought to u...

    Takashi Yamada, Takashi Itahashi, Motoaki Nakamura, Hiromi Watanabe, Miho Kuroda, Haruhisa Ohta, Chieko Kanai, Nobumasa Kato and Ryu-ichiro Hashimoto

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:41

    Published on: 5 October 2016

  12. Research

    Quantitative autistic trait measurements index background genetic risk for ASD in Hispanic families

    Recent studies have indicated that quantitative autistic traits (QATs) of parents reflect inherited liabilities that may index background genetic risk for clinical autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their offsp...

    Joshua Page, John Nicholas Constantino, Katherine Zambrana, Eden Martin, Ilker Tunc, Yi Zhang, Anna Abbacchi and Daniel Messinger

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:39

    Published on: 6 September 2016

  13. Research

    Atypical lateralization of motor circuit functional connectivity in children with autism is associated with motor deficits

    Atypical lateralization of language-related functions has been repeatedly found in individuals with autism spectrum conditions (ASC). Few studies have, however, investigated deviations from typically occurring...

    Dorothea L. Floris, Anita D. Barber, Mary Beth Nebel, Mary Martinelli, Meng-Chuan Lai, Deana Crocetti, Simon Baron-Cohen, John Suckling, James J. Pekar and Stewart H. Mostofsky

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:35

    Published on: 14 July 2016

  14. Commentary

    Commentary: sex difference differences? A reply to Constantino

    Messinger et al. found a 3.18 odds ratio of male to female ASD recurrence in 1241 prospectively followed high-risk (HR) siblings. Among high-risk siblings (with and without ASD), as well as among 583 low-risk ...

    Daniel S. Messinger, Gregory S. Young, Sara Jane Webb, Sally Ozonoff, Susan E. Bryson, Alice Carter, Leslie Carver, Tony Charman, Katarzyna Chawarska, Suzanne Curtin, Karen Dobkins, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Ted Hutman, Jana M. Iverson, Rebecca Landa, Charles A. Nelson…

    Molecular Autism 2016 7:31

    Published on: 29 June 2016

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